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Premature Mortality Due to Particulate Air Pollution in 239 American Cities


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California: Particulate Air Pollution Attributable Mortality by MSA

This table identifies Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the state of California. For each MSA, the table shows PM-10 concentration and NRDC's estimate of air pollution attributable deaths.

The table shows the average annual mean PM-10 concentration in each MSA over the five-year period, 1990 through 1994. The higher the PM-10 concentration, the greater the risk of premature mortality from heart and lung disease.

For each MSA, we present point and range estimates of the annual adult cardiopulmonary deaths attributable to air pollution The estimates are derived by applyting a risk factor reported in a study of an American Cancer Society cohort to MSA-specific information on PM-10 concentrations and mortality from selected causes. The range estimates are derived from the confidence intervals for the risk ratio reported in the ACS study.

For the purposes of comparison, the table also shows the total number of cardiopulmonary deaths in the MSA and the number of deaths from car accidents.

Metropolitan Statistical Area Average
Annual Mean
PM-10
Concentration
(1990-1994)
(ug/m³)
Estimated Annual Cardiopulmonary Deaths
Attributable to
Particulate Air Pollution
Adult
Cardio-
Pulmonary
Deaths
(1989)
Deaths
from
Auto
Accidents
(1989)
Point
Estimate
Range Deaths per
100,000
Population
ANAHEIM-SANTA ANA, CA 38.1 1,053 632 - 1,433 55 7,429 369
BAKERSFIELD, CA 54.8 464 284 - 618 115 2,005 163
CHICO, CA 33.1 104 62 - 143 72 924 59
FRESNO, CA 51.7 488 298 - 653 95 2,265 212
LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CA 43.8 5,873 3,550 - 7,933 79 33,825 1,458
OXNARD-SIMI VALLEY-VENTURA, CA 30.6 182 108 - 251 34 1,864 110
REDDING, CA 28.3 58 34 - 80 50 683 60
RIVERSIDE-SAN BERNARDINO, CA 48.1 1,905 1,158 - 2,560 122 9,685 748
SACRAMENTO, CA 31.9 488 290 - 669 48 4,625 260
SALINAS-SEASIDE-MONTEREY, CA 19.4 29 17 - 40 10 1,019 62
SAN DIEGO, CA 34.8 999 597 - 1,365 54 8,147 412
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CA 28.7 1,270 752 - 1,748 39 14,694 414
SAN JOSE, CA 32.8 447 266 - 612 35 4,015 179
SANTA BARBARA-SANTA MARIA-LOMPOC, CA 30.5 124 74 - 171 41 1,278 53
SANTA CRUZ, CA 13.2 0 0 - 0 0 881 37
SANTA ROSA, CA 20.0 52 31 - 73 17 1,600 86
STOCKTON, CA 44.8 321 194 - 433 93 1,794 125
VALLEJO-FAIRFIELD-NAPA, CA 28.2 120 71 - 165 36 1,437 67
VISALIA-TULARE-PORTERVILLE, CA 60.4 302 186 - 402 123 1,277 167
YUBA CITY, CA 37.4 65 39 - 89 64 472 37

Point estimates are derived from the risk ratio reported in the ACS study. Ranges are derived from 95-percent confidence intervals around the risk ratio in the ACS study.

Metropolitan Statistical Areas are as defined by the Office of Management and Budget for 1980, except for New England, where areas are New England County Metropolitan Areas.

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