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Premature Mortality Due to Particulate Air Pollution in 239 American Cities

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North Carolina: Particulate Air Pollution Attributable Mortality by MSA

This table identifies Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the state of North Carolina. For each MSA, the table shows PM-10 concentration and NRDC's estimate of air pollution attributable deaths.

The table shows the average annual mean PM-10 concentration in each MSA over the five-year period, 1990 through 1994. The higher the PM-10 concentration, the greater the risk of premature mortality from heart and lung disease.

For each MSA, we present point and range estimates of the annual adult cardiopulmonary deaths attributable to air pollution The estimates are derived by applyting a risk factor reported in a study of an American Cancer Society cohort to MSA-specific information on PM-10 concentrations and mortality from selected causes. The range estimates are derived from the confidence intervals for the risk ratio reported in the ACS study.

For the purposes of comparison, the table also shows the total number of cardiopulmonary deaths in the MSA and the number of deaths from car accidents.

Metropolitan Statistical Area Average
Annual Mean
Estimated Annual Cardiopulmonary Deaths
Attributable to
Particulate Air Pollution
Range Deaths per
ASHEVILLE, NC 23.5 53 31 - 73 30 963 48
CHARLOTTE-GASTONIA, NC 29.4 252 149 - 346 40 2,765 144
FAYETTEVILLE, NC 27.4 52 31 - 72 21 664 64
GREENSBORO-WINSTON SALEM-HIGH POINT, NC 28.1 304 180 - 419 37 3,673 187
HICKORY, NC 24.5 38 23 - 53 29 631 81
JACKSONVILLE, NC 22.5 11 7 - 16 10 232 19
NORFOLK-VIRGINIA BEACH-PORTSMOUTH, VA-NC 23.4 164 97 - 228 20 3,033 118
RALEIGH-DURHAM, NC 24.9 125 74 - 173 24 1,961 92
SALISBURY-CONCORD, NC 23.6 57 34 - 79 31 1,037 56
WILMINGTON, NC 23.7 38 22 - 53 27 681 38

Point estimates are derived from the risk ratio reported in the ACS study. Ranges are derived from 95-percent confidence intervals around the risk ratio in the ACS study.

Metropolitan Statistical Areas are as defined by the Office of Management and Budget for 1980, except for New England, where areas are New England County Metropolitan Areas.

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