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Premature Mortality Due to Particulate Air Pollution in 239 American Cities


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Ohio: Particulate Air Pollution Attributable Mortality by MSA

This table identifies Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the state of Ohio. For each MSA, the table shows PM-10 concentration and NRDC's estimate of air pollution attributable deaths.

The table shows the average annual mean PM-10 concentration in each MSA over the five-year period, 1990 through 1994. The higher the PM-10 concentration, the greater the risk of premature mortality from heart and lung disease.

For each MSA, we present point and range estimates of the annual adult cardiopulmonary deaths attributable to air pollution The estimates are derived by applyting a risk factor reported in a study of an American Cancer Society cohort to MSA-specific information on PM-10 concentrations and mortality from selected causes. The range estimates are derived from the confidence intervals for the risk ratio reported in the ACS study.

For the purposes of comparison, the table also shows the total number of cardiopulmonary deaths in the MSA and the number of deaths from car accidents.

Metropolitan Statistical Area Average
Annual Mean
PM-10
Concentration
(1990-1994)
(ug/m³)
Estimated Annual Cardiopulmonary Deaths
Attributable to
Particulate Air Pollution
Adult
Cardio-
Pulmonary
Deaths
(1989)
Deaths
from
Auto
Accidents
(1989)
Point
Estimate
Range Deaths per
100,000
Population
AKRON, OH 27.5 206 122 - 284 31 2,600 34
CANTON, OH 27.2 152 90 - 210 38 1,959 57
CINCINNATI-HAMILTON, OH-KY-IN 30.2 617 366 - 848 44 6,438 213
CLEVELAND, OH 35.6 1,161 694 - 1,585 61 9,099 216
COLUMBUS, OH 28.9 360 214 - 496 33 4,107 166
DAYTON, OH 25.1 220 129 - 304 27 3,408 113
HAMILTON-MIDDLETOWN, OH 31.3 116 69 - 160 45 1,137 51
HUNTINGTON-ASHLAND, WV-KY-OH 31.4 166 99 - 228 53 1,617 52
LORAIN-ELYRIA, OH 29.2 101 60 - 139 37 1,132 52
MANSFIELD, OH 27.8 46 27 - 63 35 565 13
PARKERSBURG-MARIETTA, WV-OH 27.2 60 36 - 83 37 779 30
STEUBENVILLE-WEIRTON, OH-WV 36.6 127 76 - 173 78 953 24
TOLEDO, OH-MI 26.3 257 152 - 355 32 3,569 191
WHEELING, WV-OH 29.8 104 62 - 143 56 1,114 23
YOUNGSTOWN-WARREN, OH 27.6 210 124 - 290 40 2,629 83

Point estimates are derived from the risk ratio reported in the ACS study. Ranges are derived from 95-percent confidence intervals around the risk ratio in the ACS study.

Metropolitan Statistical Areas are as defined by the Office of Management and Budget for 1980, except for New England, where areas are New England County Metropolitan Areas.

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