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Premature Mortality Due to Particulate Air Pollution in 239 American Cities


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Pennsylvania: Particulate Air Pollution Attributable Mortality by MSA

This table identifies Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the state of Pennsylvania. For each MSA, the table shows PM-10 concentration and NRDC's estimate of air pollution attributable deaths.

The table shows the average annual mean PM-10 concentration in each MSA over the five-year period, 1990 through 1994. The higher the PM-10 concentration, the greater the risk of premature mortality from heart and lung disease.

For each MSA, we present point and range estimates of the annual adult cardiopulmonary deaths attributable to air pollution The estimates are derived by applyting a risk factor reported in a study of an American Cancer Society cohort to MSA-specific information on PM-10 concentrations and mortality from selected causes. The range estimates are derived from the confidence intervals for the risk ratio reported in the ACS study.

For the purposes of comparison, the table also shows the total number of cardiopulmonary deaths in the MSA and the number of deaths from car accidents.

Metropolitan Statistical Area Average
Annual Mean
PM-10
Concentration
(1990-1994)
(ug/m³)
Estimated Annual Cardiopulmonary Deaths
Attributable to
Particulate Air Pollution
Adult
Cardio-
Pulmonary
Deaths
(1989)
Deaths
from
Auto
Accidents
(1989)
Point
Estimate
Range Deaths per
100,000
Population
ALLENTOWN-BETHLEHEM-EASTON, PA-NJ 25.0 207 122 - 287 32 3,234 132
ALTOONA, PA 23.4 46 27 - 64 34 860 21
BINGHAMTON, NY-PA 21.0 63 37 - 87 21 1,613 46
ERIE, PA 25.6 91 53 - 125 33 1,341 45
HARRISBURG, PA 27.6 176 104 - 243 39 2,214 83
JOHNSTOWN, PA 28.9 127 75 - 175 48 1,446 53
LANCASTER, PA 31.0 173 103 - 237 48 1,715 61
NORTHEAST, PA (SCRANTON) 26.7 314 185 - 433 49 4,217 117
PHILADELPHIA, PA-NJ 33.5 2,599 1,550 - 3,556 55 22,531 637
PITTSBURGH, PA 31.0 1,216 723 - 1,670 54 12,083 241
READING, PA 26.2 131 77 - 181 42 1,834 72
WILLIAMSPORT, PA 26.4 45 26 - 62 38 618 30
YORK, PA 30.1 166 98 - 228 44 1,742 76

Point estimates are derived from the risk ratio reported in the ACS study. Ranges are derived from 95-percent confidence intervals around the risk ratio in the ACS study.

Metropolitan Statistical Areas are as defined by the Office of Management and Budget for 1980, except for New England, where areas are New England County Metropolitan Areas.

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