Environmental Issues > Air Main Page > All Air Documents

Breath-taking
Premature Mortality Due to Particulate Air Pollution in 239 American Cities


Top of Report


Texas: Particulate Air Pollution Attributable Mortality by MSA

This table identifies Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the state of Texas. For each MSA, the table shows PM-10 concentration and NRDC's estimate of air pollution attributable deaths.

The table shows the average annual mean PM-10 concentration in each MSA over the five-year period, 1990 through 1994. The higher the PM-10 concentration, the greater the risk of premature mortality from heart and lung disease.

For each MSA, we present point and range estimates of the annual adult cardiopulmonary deaths attributable to air pollution The estimates are derived by applyting a risk factor reported in a study of an American Cancer Society cohort to MSA-specific information on PM-10 concentrations and mortality from selected causes. The range estimates are derived from the confidence intervals for the risk ratio reported in the ACS study.

For the purposes of comparison, the table also shows the total number of cardiopulmonary deaths in the MSA and the number of deaths from car accidents.

Metropolitan Statistical Area Average
Annual Mean
PM-10
Concentration
(1990-1994)
(ug/m³)
Estimated Annual Cardiopulmonary Deaths
Attributable to
Particulate Air Pollution
Adult
Cardio-
Pulmonary
Deaths
(1989)
Deaths
from
Auto
Accidents
(1989)
Point
Estimate
Range Deaths per
100,000
Population
AMARILLO, TX 17.6 14 8 - 20 8 837 34
AUSTIN, TX 21.3 71 42 - 99 13 1,745 140
BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR-ORANGE, TX 23.6 89 52 - 123 24 1,604 82
BROWNSVILLE-HARLINGEN-SAN BENITO, TX 27.5 48 29 - 67 23 612 65
CORPUS CHRISTI, TX 28.7 98 58 - 135 30 1,133 65
DALLAS-FORT WORTH, TX 24.7 743 438 - 1,028 25 11,906 666
EL PASO, TX 30.5 136 81 - 186 28 1,390 110
GALVESTON-TEXAS CITY, TX 22.8 39 23 - 54 20 775 44
HOUSTON, TX 31.9 939 558 - 1,287 32 8,864 716
KILLEEN-TEMPLE, TX 17.4 13 8 - 18 6 834 55
LAREDO, TX 32.4 32 19 - 44 32 296 20
LUBBOCK, TX 23.0 40 23 - 55 19 775 47
ODESSA, TX 20.1 11 6 - 15 10 317 30
SAN ANTONIO, TX 24.2 247 146 - 343 23 4,212 231
TEXARKANA, TX - TEXARKANA, AR 23.0 33 19 - 46 26 645 40
TYLER, TX 18.8 17 10 - 23 13 672 33
WICHITA FALLS, TX 25.8 47 28 - 64 36 678 41

Point estimates are derived from the risk ratio reported in the ACS study. Ranges are derived from 95-percent confidence intervals around the risk ratio in the ACS study.

Metropolitan Statistical Areas are as defined by the Office of Management and Budget for 1980, except for New England, where areas are New England County Metropolitan Areas.

Sign up for NRDC's online newsletter

See the latest issue >

Give the Gift That Will Make a Difference: Take Down a Polluter

NRDC Gets Top Ratings from the Charity Watchdogs

Charity Navigator awards NRDC its 4-star top rating.
Worth magazine named NRDC one of America's 100 best charities.
NRDC meets the highest standards of the Wise Giving Alliance of the Better Business Bureau.


Donate now >

Related Links and Resources

Share | |