Environmental Characteristics of Smart Growth Neighborhoods
An Exploratory Case Study
EVALUATION OF BUILT ENVIRONMENTS
To accomplish the built environment measurements, Criterion applied its INDEX software to the three sites using data provided by the City of Sacramento and Sacramento County. INDEX is a GIS-based model that measures the physical or spatial characteristics of urban form, housing and employment activities, and transportation systems. Tables 2 and 3 list the results for indicators that were measurable using available data, and Table 4 summarizes these results. Figure 2 (pdf, 152k), Figure 3 (pdf, 209k), and Figure 4 (pdf, 190k) show the location of vicinity features measured with INDEX.
Table 2: Built Environment Indicators - Metro Square vs. North Natomas
Table 3: Built Environment Indicators - Metro Square vs. Antelope
Summary of Built Environments Comparison
as % of
as % of
|Total land consumption||22||26|
|Per capita land consumption||29||33|
|Vicinity use mix||232||425|
|Distance to convenience grocery||5||17|
|Distance to supermarket||13||39|
|Distance to school||11||63|
|Distance to transit||6||¥|
|Jobs within one mile||¥||836|
|Park space availability||108||¥|
|Distance to park||49||11|
|Travel||Internal street connectivity||134||128|
|Distance between external streets||6||82|
|Transit service density||¥||¥|
|Pedestrian network coverage||100||100|
|Pedestrian crossing distance||81||81|
|Pedestrian safety at intersections||1250||333|
|Pedestrian route directness||94||90|
|Bicycle network coverage||310||¥|
|Residential off-street parking supply||60||68|
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Kaid Benfield writes about development, community and the environment on Switchboard.
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