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This 1998 NRDC study adds to the growing body of literature demonstrating that low-density sprawl development is costly, inefficient, and inequitable.

Executive Summary
Summary of Results
Part 1: Density and Conveyance Costs
Part 2: Geographically-Sensitive User Rates - The Cleveland Experience
Appendix A: National Association of Rate Utility Consultants Recommended Chart of Accounts, Water Utility
Appendix B: Articles 4 and 5 of the CDOW Standard Direct Service Suburb Water Service Agreement
Appendix C: Study Protocol and Design
Appendix D: Description of Systems
Appendix E: Analysis of CDOW's Existing Rates and Service Costs

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