Another Cost of Sprawl
The Effects of Land Use on Wastewater Utility Costs
This 1998 NRDC study adds to the growing body of literature demonstrating that low-density sprawl development is costly, inefficient, and inequitable.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Summary of Results
Part 1: Density and Conveyance Costs
Part 2: Geographically-Sensitive User Rates - The Cleveland Experience
Appendix A: National Association of Rate Utility Consultants Recommended Chart of Accounts, Water Utility
Appendix B: Articles 4 and 5 of the CDOW Standard Direct Service Suburb Water Service Agreement
Appendix C: Study Protocol and Design
Appendix D: Description of Systems
Appendix E: Analysis of CDOW's Existing Rates and Service Costs
Sign up for NRDC's online newsletter
Kaid Benfield's Blog
Kaid Benfield writes about development, community and the environment on Switchboard.
Kaid's Recent Posts
- City issues are environmental issues. Here's why.
- posted by Kaid Benfield, 9/11/14
- Is it time to change the narrative about Detroit?
- posted by Kaid Benfield, 9/5/14
- The daunting challenge of unwalkable America (excerpted from People Habitat)
- posted by Kaid Benfield, 9/2/14
NRDC Gets Top Ratings from the Charity Watchdogs
- Charity Navigator awards NRDC its 4-star top rating.
- Worth magazine named NRDC one of America's 100 best charities.
- NRDC meets the highest standards of the Wise Giving Alliance of the Better Business Bureau.