Environmental Issues: Health

Top of Report

Selected Bibliography on Endocrine Disruptors


Colborn T, vom Saal FS, and Soto AM, Developmental Effects of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in Wildlife and Humans, Environ Health Persp, 101(5):378-384, 1993

Colborn T, The Wildlife/Human Connection: Modernizing Risk Decisions, Environ Health Persp, 102 (Suppl 12):55-59, 1994

Birnbaum LS, Endocrine Effects of Prenatal Exposure to PCBs, Dioxins, and Other Xenobiotics: Implications for Policy and Future Research, Environ Health Persp, 102:676-679, 1994

LeBlanc GA, Are Environmental Sentinels Signalling? Environ Health Persp, 103(10):888-890, 1995

Safe SH, Environmental and Dietary Estrogens and Human Health: Is There a Problem? Environ Health Persp, 103(4): 346-351, 1995

Semen Quality

Swan SH, Elkin EP, Fenster L, Have Sperm Densities Declined? A Reanalysis of Global Trend Data, Environ Hlth Persp, 105:1228-1232, 1997.

Auger J, Kunstmann JM, Czyglik F, and Jouannet P, Decline in Semen Quality Among Fertile Men in Paris During the Past 20 Years, NEJM, 332(5):281-285, 1995

Pajarinen J, Laippala P, Penttila A, and Karhunen PJ, Incidence of Disorders of Spermatogenesis in Middle Aged Finnish Men, 1981-91: Two Necropsy Series, Br Med J, 314:13-18, 1997

Fisch H, Goluboff ET, Olson JH, et al. Semen Analyses in 1,283 Men from the United States over a 25-Year Period: No Decline in Quality, Fertility and Sterility, 65(5):1009-1014, 1996

Testicular and Prostate Cancer

Toppari J, Larsen JC, Christiansen P, et al. Male Reproductive Health and Environmental Xenoestrogens, Environ Health Persp, 104 (Suppl 4): 741-803, 1996

Sakr WA, Haas GP, Cassin BF, et al. The Frequency of Carcinoma and Intraepithelial Neoplasia of the Prostate in Young Male Patients, J Urology, 150:379-385, 1993

Adami H-O, Bergstrom R, Mohner M, et al. Testicular Cancer in Nine Northern European Countries, Int J Cancer, 59: 33-38, 1994

Hypospadias and Cryptorchidism

Paulozzi LJ, Erickson JD, Jackson RJ, Hypospadias Trends in Two US Surveillance Systems, Pediatrics, 100(5):831-834, 1997

Giwercman A, Carlsen E, Keiding N, Skakkebaek NE, Evidence for Increasing Incidence of Abnormalities of the Human Testis: A Review, Environ Hlth Persp, 101 (Suppl 2):65-71, 1993

Breast Cancer

Wolff MS, Collman GW, Barrett JC, and Huff J, Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors: Epidemiological and Experimental Findings, Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol, 36:573-596, 1996

Bradlow HL, Davis DL, Lin G, et al. Effects of Pesticides on the Ratio of 16(/2-Hydroxyestrone: A Biologic Marker of Breast Cancer Risk, Environ Health Persp, 103 (Suppl 7): 147-150, 1995

Davis DL, Axelrod D, Osborne MP, and Telang NT, Environmental Influences on Breast Cancer Risk, Science and Medicine, 4(3):56-63, 1997

Hunter DJ, Hankinson SE, Laden F, Colditz GA, et al. Plasma Organochlorine Levels and the Risk of Breast Cancer, NEJM, 337(18):1253-1258, 1997

Other Trends

Herman-Giddens ME, Slora EJ, Wasserman RC, et al., Secondary Sexual Characteristics and Menses in Young Girls Seen in Office Practice: A Study from the Pediatric Research in Office Settings Network, Pediatrics, 88(4):505-512, 1997

Davis DL, Gottleib MB, Stampnitzky JR, Reduced Ration of Male to Female Births in Several Industrial Countries, JAMA, 279:1018-1023, 1998

Dioxins and PCBs

Birnbaum L, Developmental Effects of Dioxins and Related Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals, Toxicol Lett, 82/83:743-750, 1995

Jacobson JL and Jacobson SW, Intellectual Impairment in Children Exposed to Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Utero, NEJM, 335:783-789, 1996

Bahn AK, Mills JL, Snyder PJ, et al, Hypothyroidism in Workers Exposed to Polybrominated Biphenyls, NEJM, 302(1):31-33, 1980

Koopman-Esseboom C, Morse DC, Weisglas-Kuperus N, et al, Effects of Dioxins and Polychlorinated Biphenyls on Thyroid Hormone Status of Pregnant Women and Their Infants, Ped Res, 36(4):468-473, 1994

Tilson HA, Jacobson JL, and Rogan WJ, Polychlorinated Biphenyls and the Developing Nervous System: Cross-Species Comparisons, Neurotox and Teratol, 12:239-248, 1990


Garry VF, Schreinemachers D, Harkins ME, and Griffith J, Pesticide Appliers, Biocides, and Birth Defects in Rural Minnesota, Environ Health Persp, 104:394-399, 1996

Morrison H, Savitz D, Semenciw R, et al. Farming and Prostate Cancer Mortality, Am J Epidemiol, 137(3): 270-280, 1993

Guillette LJ, Gross TS, Masson GR, et al. Developmental Abnormalities of the Gonad and Abnormal Sex Hormone Concentrations in Juvenile Alligators from Contaminated and Control Lakes in Florida, Environ Health Persp, 102:680-688, 1994


Jaeger RJ and Rubin RJ, Migration of a Phthalate Ester Plasticizer from Polyvinyl Chloride Blood Bags into Stored Human Blood and its Localization in Human Tissues, NEJM, 287(22): 1114-1118, 1972

Feldman D and Krishnan A, Estrogens in Unexpected Places: Possible Implications for Researchers and Consumers, Environ Health Persp 103(Suppl 7): 129-133, 1995

Human Body Burdens

Lordo RA, Dinh KT, and Schwemberger JG, Semivolatile Organic Compounds in Adipose Tissue: Estimated Averages for the US Population and Selected Subpopulations, Am J Pub Health, 86:1253-1259, 1996

Rogan WJ, Gladen BC, McKinner JD, et al. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) and Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethene (DDE) in Human Milk: Effects of Maternal Factors and Previous Lactation, Am J Pub Health, 76:172-177, 1986

Rogan WJ, Bagniewska MA, and Damstra T, Pollutants in Breast Milk, NEJM, 302(26):1450-1453, 1980


Herbst AL, Ulfelder H, and Poskanzer DC, Adenocarcinoma of the Vagina: Association of Maternal Stilbestrol Therapy with Tumor Appearance in Young Women, NEJM, 284(16):878-881, 1971

Gill WB, Schumacher GFB, Bibbo M, et al. Association of Diethylstilbestrol Exposure in Utero With Cryptorchidism, Testicular Hypoplasia and Semen Abnormalities, J Urology, 122, 36-39, 1979

Wilcox AJ, Baird DD, Weinberg CR, et al. Fertility in Men Exposed Prenatally to Diethylstilbestrol, NEJM, 332:1411-1416, 1995


Bergeron JM, Crews D, McLachlan JA, PCBs as Environmental Estrogens: Turtle Sex Determination as a Biomarker of Environmental Contamination, Environ Health Persp, 102:780-781, 1994

vom Saal FS, Timms, BG, Montano MM, et al., Prostate Enlargement in Mice Due to Fetal Exposure to Low Doses of Estradiol or Diethylstilbestrol and Opposite Effects at High Doses, Proc Natl Acad Sci, 94:2056-2061, 1997

Korach KS, McLachlan JA, Techniques for Detection of Estrogenicity, Environ Health Persp 103(Suppl 7):5-8, 1995

Sonnenschein C, Soto AM, Fernanzez MF, Olea N, et al. Development of a Marker of Estrogenic Exposure in Human Serum, Clin Chem, 41/12:1888-1895, 1995

Guillette LJ, Crain DA, Rooney AA, and Pickford DB, Organization Versus Activation: The Role of Endocrine-Disrupting Contaminants (EDCs) During Embryonic Development in Wildlife, Environ Health Persp 103(Suppl 7):157-164, 1995

Get Updates and Alerts

See the latest issue >

Give the Gift That Will Make a Difference: Den Defender

NRDC Gets Top Ratings from the Charity Watchdogs

Charity Navigator awards NRDC its 4-star top rating.
Worth magazine named NRDC one of America's 100 best charities.
NRDC meets the highest standards of the Wise Giving Alliance of the Better Business Bureau.

Donate now >

Share | |