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This annotated bibliography provides an overview of primary research, almost all from peer-reviewed journals, documenting the adverse impacts of roads and logging on North American forest ecosystems. The bibliography was published in December 1999 by the Natural Resources Defense Council.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
Summary of Key Findings
Chapter 1: Harm to Wildlife
Chapter 2: Spread of Tree Diseases and Bark Beetles
Chapter 3: Promotion of Insect Infestations
Chapter 4: Invasion by Harmful Exotic (Non-native) Plants and Animals
Chapter 5: Damage to Soil Resources and Tree Growth
Chapter 6: Impacts on Aquatic Ecosystems
Chapter 7: General Review Papers on the Ecological Effects of Roads
References
Report Credits and Acknowledgments

Wildlife Species and Their Habitat: The Adverse Impacts of Logging (Web-only supplement)

For printed copies of this report, see our Publications List.

last revised 1/14/2000

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