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Beach Closing Days Reach Second Highest Level in 18 Years, Says New Report
New Star Guide Rates Water Quality and Safety of Popular Beaches Across the Coasts
WASHINGTON (July 29, 2008) – The water at American beaches was unsafe for swimming last year with the second-highest number of beach closing and advisory days ever, according to the 18th annual beach water quality report released today by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).
Using data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the report, “Testing the Waters: A Guide to Water Quality at Vacation Beaches,” shows the number of closing and advisory days at ocean, bay and Great Lakes beaches was more than 20,000 for the third consecutive year, confirming that our nation’s beaches continue to suffer from serious water pollution that puts swimmers at risk. For the full report, go to www.nrdc.org/beaches.
“Some families can’t enjoy their local beaches because they are polluted and kids are getting sick – largely because of human and animal waste in the water,” said Nancy Stoner, director of NRDC’s clean water project.
“Testing the Waters” shows that the number of closing and advisory days due to sewage spills and overflows more than tripled to 4,097 from 2006 to 2007, but the largest known source of pollution continues to be contamination from stormwater, which caused more than 10,000 closing and advisory days. Stormwater carries pollution from the streets to the beach without treatment whenever it rains. Unknown sources of pollution caused more than 8,000 closing and advisory days.
Nationally, seven percent of beachwater samples violated health standards, showing no improvement from 2006. In the Great Lakes, 15 percent of beachwater samples violated those standards – the highest level of contamination of any coastal region in the continental U.S.
For the first time this year, the report gives a five-star rating guide for a selection of the most popular beaches in the nation. The star rating criteria is based on indicators of beachwater quality, monitoring frequency, and use of health standards to protect beachgoers.
While nationally there was an overall decrease in closing and advisory days from 2006, regionally the picture varied. The biggest increase in closing and advisory days (38 percent) was in the Gulf Coast region, partly because beaches in Louisiana and Mississippi were reopened and monitored for the first full beach season there since Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck in 2005. Beaches along the New York/New Jersey coast had the second-highest increase (33 percent) and those at Great Lakes beaches were up 1 percent.
The biggest drop in closing and advisory days was a 36% reduction in Hawaii, which had an abnormal rainfall year in 2006. Closing and advisory days were down in the rest of the country only 4% between 2006 and 2007. Closing and advisory days were down two consecutive seasons only in the coastal region of the southeast (63 percent from 2006 to 2007, and 3 percent from 2005 to 2006). Closing and advisory days dropped in the remaining three coastal regions in 2007, following an increase from the previous season: New England closing and advisory days were down 46 percent in 2007 after a 69 percent increase in 2006; Western states were down 21 percent after an 83 percent increase in 2006, and the Delaware-Maryland-Virginia also known as the DelMarVa Peninsula was down 16 percent after a 43 percent increase the previous season.
Aging and poorly-designed sewage and storm water systems hold much of the blame for beachwater pollution. The report’s authors also say that sprawl development in coastal areas is devouring wetlands and other natural buffers such as dunes and beach grass that otherwise would help filter out dangerous pollution before it reaches the beach.
Not only are the beaches polluted, the way they are tested is also failing the American public, according to NRDC public health and water experts. Beach water quality standards are more than 20 years old and rely on outdated science and monitoring methods that leave beachgoers vulnerable to a range of waterborne illnesses including gastroenteritis, dysentery, hepatitis, respiratory ailments and other serious health problems. For senior citizens, small children, and people with weak immune systems, the results can be fatal.
“What this report means for families heading to the beach is they need to be careful and do a little homework,” said Stoner. “Call your local public health authority and ask them if the beachwater is safe for swimming. If there is any doubt, or if the water smells bad or looks dirty, stay out of it.”
Beach Protection Act bills now pending in Congress would provide money for beachwater sampling and require use of faster testing methods so people get timely information about whether it is safe to swim.
NRDC is also offering beachgoers an opportunity to discuss their personal favorite beaches. To post a comment, visit NRDC's Your Oceans website -- www.youroceans.org -- where you also will find fun summer tips for having a safe and healthy time at the beach this summer season.
The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) is an international nonprofit environmental organization with more than 2 million members and online activists. Since 1970, our lawyers, scientists, and other environmental specialists have worked to protect the world's natural resources, public health, and the environment. NRDC has offices in New York City, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Bozeman, MT, and Beijing. Visit us at www.nrdc.org and follow us on Twitter @NRDC.