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DANGEROUS LEVELS OF POLLUTION PROMPT MORE THAN 3,000 FLORIDA BEACH CLOSINGS; CLOSINGS HIT RECORD HIGH NATIONWIDE
Brevard County Beaches Applauded; Shired Island Named a Beach Bum
NRDC Sues EPA for Failing to Update Obsolete Water Quality Standards
TALLAHASSEE (August 3, 2006) -- For the third year in a row, bacterial contamination shut Florida beaches or prompted authorities to post health warnings for more than 3,000 days, according to an annual report released today by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). The report tallied 3,428 closing and health advisory days in 2005, a 2 percent increase from the previous year, but nearly double the number tracked in 2002.
"It's not surprising that we have to put out the 'No Swimming' signs so often," said Linda Young, director of the Clean Water Network of Florida. "Nearly a thousand people move to Florida every day, and new badly designed development means more stormwater and sewage pollution, which means dirty beachwater."
Nationally, the number of closing and health advisory days at ocean, bay, and Great Lakes beaches topped 20,000 in 2005 -- the most since NRDC began tracking the problem 16 years ago -- confirming that our nation's beaches continue to suffer from serious water pollution. (Read the report, Testing the Waters.)
This year's report includes new information that provides a more alarming picture of the problem. For the first time, NRDC evaluated beachwater quality nationwide and found 200 beaches in two dozen states whose beachwater samples violated the standards at least 25 percent of the time. In most cases, beachwater was contaminated with bacteria, and beachgoers were either swimming in it or banned from swimming because of the health risks. Overall, 8 percent of the beachwater samples taken nationwide violated health standards. Samples taken at Florida beaches exceeded the standards 4 percent of the time.
Current beachwater health standards, however, do not adequately protect the public and need to be updated, according to NRDC. Today the organization announced it is suing the Environmental Protection Agency for failing to modernize the standards as ordered by Congress six years ago.
"A day at the beach should not turn into a night in the bathroom, or worse, in the hospital," said Nancy Stoner, director of NRDC's Clean Water Project. "There have been significant advances over the last two decades that we should be using to protect beachgoers, but the EPA is dragging its feet in implementing them."
In 2000, Congress passed the Beaches Environmental Assessment and Coastal Health Act (BEACH Act), which required the EPA to revise the current health standards by October 2005. The agency missed the deadline, and now says it will not be able to finish updating them until 2011.
The current beachwater quality standards are 20 years old and rely on obsolete monitoring methods and outdated science that leave beachgoers vulnerable to a range of waterborne illnesses. Risks include gastroenteritis, dysentery; hepatitis, respiratory ailments and other serious health problems. For senior citizens, small children, and people with weak immune systems, the results can be fatal.
"The pollution that fouls our beaches comes from sewers, septic systems, and stormwater runoff from roads and buildings," said Holly Binns, field director for the Florida Public Interest Research Group. "Poorly planned development on our coasts has paved over wetlands and other natural vegetation that soaked up and filtered polluted stormwater.
"These problems are preventable," Binns added. "It would be a lot safer to swim if municipalities used soil and vegetation to capture and filter stormwater at its source, and upgraded their aging sewer systems." (Click here for more information on cleaning up stormwater pollution.)
Beach Buddies and Beach Bums
NRDC's report found 8 percent of the beachwater samples taken nationwide in 2005 exceeded federal health standards. Mississippi (22 percent) and Louisiana (18 percent) had the highest percentage of exceedances (before Hurricane Katrina) while New Hampshire (1 percent) and Delaware (less than 1 percent) had the fewest.
NRDC today announced the cleanest and dirtiest beaches based on the percentage of beachwater samples that violated federal public health standards. This year there are 32 Beach Buddies and 22 Beach Bums. (For more details about each beach, click here.)
There was one Beach Bum in Florida: Shired Island in Dixie County on the Gulf of Mexico. Authorities there have not tried to find the sources of contamination despite the fact that 56 percent of the samples taken at the beach violated federal public health standards.
Ten Beach Buddies were in Brevard County, which has come a long way since 2002, when 34 of its beaches were Beach Bums. The county's Chain of Lakes Regional Stormwater Facility has completed the first phase of a project to reduce the impact of stormwater runoff on surface waters. Specifically, it constructed a series of interconnected wet detention ponds that treat stormwater before it is discharged into the Indian River Lagoon.
Chronic beach closings in Sarasota County also prompted local authorities to build new stormwater treatment facilities to make its beaches safer. In addition, the county recently started a weekly report on red tides to better protect beachgoers.
Red tides and toxic algal blooms have become a more frequent problem for Florida beaches, and there is evidence that they can have serious health consequences. "A study released just last week suggests that red-tide toxins cause immune deficiency," said Dr. Ron Saff, a Tallahassee physician who specializes in allergies and immunology. "The study found a 31 percent increase in Florida emergency room visits for pneumonia when red tides bloomed near our coasts."
While some Florida counties are trying to address red tides and other sources of beachwater contamination, the state government recently undermined their efforts, said Young. "The state weakened water protections that will allow more bacteria, nutrients and other pollutants in the water," she said. "It's a violation of the Clean Water Act, and we're challenging this new, wrongheaded state policy in court."
Beach Buddies: NRDC's 32 Beach Buddies -- which monitored beachwater quality regularly, had no violations of federal public health standards, and took significant steps to reduce pollution -- are:
- Connecticut: Walnut Beach in Milford. Milford was a Beach Buddy in 2003.
- Florida: Ten beaches in Brevard County: Cocoa Beach-Minuteman Causeway, Cocoa Beach Pier, Indialantic Boardwalk (now James H. Nance Park), Jetty Park, Paradise Beach (now Howard E. Futch Memorial Park), Patrick Air Force Base North, Pelican Beach Park, Playalinda Beach (at Canaveral National Seashore), Sebastian Inlet North, and Spessard Holland Beach Park North. Brevard County had 34 Beach Bums in 2002.
- Georgia: Two beaches on Tybee Island: Middle Beach and North Beach.
- Indiana: Two beaches in Porter County: Kemil Beach (at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore) and Lakeview Beach.
- Maine: Pemaquid Beach in Bristol.
- Michigan: Nine beaches in St. Clair County: Burtchville Township Park, Chrysler Park Beach, Conger-Lighthouse Beach, Holland Road Beach, Lakeport State Campground, Lakeport State Park, Lakeside Beach, Marine City Beach, and Marine City Diving Area.
- Wisconsin: Seven beaches in Door County: Gislason Beach, Haines Park Beach, Percy Johnson Memorial Park Beach, Rock Island State Park Beach, Sand Dune Beach, School House Beach, and Whitefish Bay Boat Launch Beach. Door County was a Beach Buddy in 2005.
Beach Bums: NRDC's 22 Beach Bums -- which violated federal public health standards at least 50 percent of the time samples were taken -- are:
- California: Nine beaches. One beach in Los Angeles County: Will Rogers State Beach (Santa Monica Canyon). Six beaches in Orange County: Aliso Beach, Crystal Cove State Park, Doheny State Beach, Newport Bay (Santa Ana Delhi), Newport Beach (Buck Gully), and Salt Creek Beach Park. One beach in San Diego County: Imperial Beach. And one beach in Ventura County: Rincon Creek.
- Florida : Shired Island in Dixie County.
Georgia: Kings Ferry in Chatham County.
- Illinois: North Point Marina in Lake County.
- Louisiana: Bogue Falaya Park in Covington.
- Maryland: Three beaches in Rock Hall: Bay Country Campground and Beach, Ferry Park, and Rock Hall Beach.
- Massachusetts : Cockle Cove Creek in Chatham and Sandy Beach in Danvers.
- Michigan: Singing Bridge Beach in Arenac County.
- Minnesota: Clyde Avenue Boat Landing Beach in West Duluth.
- Rhode Island: Scarborough State Beach in Narragansett. Scarborough State Beach was a Beach Buddy in 2005.
- South Carolina: Pirateland-Lakewood Campground in Myrtle Beach.
The Natural Resources Defense Council is a national, nonprofit organization of scientists, lawyers and environmental specialists dedicated to protecting public health and the environment. Founded in 1970, NRDC has 1.2 million members and online activists nationwide, served from offices in New York, Washington, Los Angeles and San Francisco.
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