Energy Down the Drain
The Hidden Costs of California's Water Supply
In the western United States, there is a close connection between water and power resources. Water utilities use large amounts of energy to treat and deliver water, and even after utilities deliver water, consumers burn more energy to heat, cool and use it. This August 2004 report from NRDC and the Pacific Institute shows how water planners in California have largely failed to consider the energy implications of their decisions, and suggests a model for how policymakers can calculate the amount of energy consumed in water use. Integrating energy use into water planning can save money, reduce waste, protect our environment and strengthen our economy.
|For printed copies of this report, see our Publications List.|
TABLE OF CONTENTS
(Links indicate sections available as individual webpages)
Chapter 1: The High Cost of Energy Use in Western Water Systems
Chapter 2: The Connections Between Water and Energy
Chapter 3: San Diego County -- Energy and Urban Water
Chapter 4: Westlands Water District -- Energy and Agricultural Water
Chapter 5: The Columbia River Basin -- Energy and Hydropower
Chapter 6: Recommendations for Water Policy
Appendix A: Urban Model Description
Appendix B: San Diego Case Study Data Sources and Assumptions
Appendix C: Agricultural Model Description
Get Updates and Alerts
Water on Switchboard
NRDC experts write about water efficiency, green infrastructure and climate on the NRDC blog.
Recent Water Posts
- Save Our Arctic and Atlantic Waters Now
- posted by Rhea Suh, 2/4/16
- Soil Should Be the Foundation of Food, Water, and Energy Policy
- posted by Lara Bryant, 2/1/16
- New Guidelines Will Help Make Water Infrastructure Projects More Resilient
- posted by Ben Chou, 1/27/16
NRDC Gets Top Ratings from the Charity Watchdogs
- Charity Navigator awards NRDC its 4-star top rating.
- Worth magazine named NRDC one of America's 100 best charities.
- NRDC meets the highest standards of the Wise Giving Alliance of the Better Business Bureau.