Ten Key Principles of Low Carbon Urbanization: Supporting China's New Type of Urbanization

China's rapid urbanization over the past thirty five years has boosted economic development, brought about fundamental social change, and helped to raise the living standards of both urban and rural populations. These achievements have been recognized worldwide. However, this process has also been characterized by intensive resource consumption and an emphasis on speed rather than quality of urbanization, which have negatively affected China’s natural environment. Going forward, China's urban development must adopt a greener and low-carbon approach that is focused on efficient uses of land, energy, and other resources.