Environmental Characteristics of Smart Growth Neighborhoods
Case Studies in Sacramento and Nashville
These studies, published in October 2000 and February 2003 for the Natural Resources Defense Council in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, show that the environmental benefits of smart growth are real and can be measured. The earlier study focuses on the Metro Square neighborhood in Sacramento, California, and is one of the first to examine a fully completed and occupied development. The more recent compares two neighborhoods in Nashville, Tennessee, and demonstrates that the combination of better transportation accessibility and a modest increase in land-use density can produce measurable benefits even when both sites are automobile-oriented and suburban in character.
Complete Table of Contents:
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Site Selection
Chapter 3: Study Areas
Chapter 4: Results
Appendix: Study Area Photographs (Adobe Acrobat file, 350 k)
SACRAMENTO'S METRO SQUARE NEIGHBORHOOD (October 2000)Complete Table of Contents:
Chapter 1: Work Statement
Chapter 2: Case Study Method
Chapter 3: Evaluation of Built Environments
Chapter 4: Evaluation of Travel Demands
Chapter 5: Findings
Chapter 6: Recommendations for Future Studies
Appendix A: Case Study Maps and Photographs
Appendix B: Metro Square Travel Survey
Figure 1: Project Sites in Relation to Sacramento (pdf, 24k)
Figure 2: Metro Square Vicinity Features (pdf, 152k)
Figure 3: North Natomas Vicinity Features (pdf, 209k)
Figure 4: Antelope Vicinity Features (pdf, 190k)
Figure A1 - Figure A4 (pdf, 763k)
Figure B1: Previous Residence Locations of Metro Square Residents (pdf, 763k)
last revised 2/10/2003
Sign up for NRDC's online newsletter
Kaid Benfield's Blog
Kaid Benfield writes about development, community and the environment on Switchboard.
Kaid's Recent Posts
- New guide from ASLA highlights urban green, literally, in Portland
- posted by Kaid Benfield, 10/27/14
- Compact and connected communities improve public health, says new research
- posted by Kaid Benfield, 10/20/14
- For smart growth, not all urban density is created equal
- posted by Kaid Benfield, 10/6/14
NRDC Gets Top Ratings from the Charity Watchdogs
- Charity Navigator awards NRDC its 4-star top rating.
- Worth magazine named NRDC one of America's 100 best charities.
- NRDC meets the highest standards of the Wise Giving Alliance of the Better Business Bureau.