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This February 2005 NRDC paper pieces together evidence from an array of sources to show that the United States is still deploying 480 nuclear weapons in Europe. Until now, most observers believed there were no more than half that many still left on the continent. The continuing presence of these weapons irritates relations with Russia, undermines global efforts to dissuade other nations from developing nuclear weapons, and impedes NATO's post-Cold War evolution. The Bush administration and the NATO alliance should address this issue as a matter of global nuclear security and remove all U.S. nuclear weapons from Europe.

Press Release

Executive Summary
Large U.S. Nuclear Force Remains in Europe
History of U.S. Nuclear Weapons in Europe
Nuclear Planning in Europe Modernized
The 1994 Nuclear Posture Review
New Presidential Guidance But No Change
The 2001 Nuclear Posture Review
Conclusions and Recommendations

Executive Summary (size: 46 Kb)
Part 1 (size: 1 Mb)
Part 2 (size: 750 Kb)
Appendices (size: 3 Mb)
Endnotes (size: 123 Kb)

For the full report, click here (size: 4.9 Mb)
Click here if you need a copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader (free)

Click here (off-site link)

last revised 12/14/2004

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