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Archive of Nuclear Data
From NRDC's Nuclear Program


Index of Nuclear Data

Table of Global Nuclear Weapons Stockpiles, 1945-2002
Notes


End Year
US
SU
UK
FR
CH
Total
1945 6 -- -- -- -- 6
1946 11 -- -- -- -- 11
1947 32 -- -- -- -- 32
1948 110 -- -- -- -- 110
1949 235 1 -- -- -- 236
1950 369 5 -- -- -- 374
1951 640 25 -- -- -- 665
1952 1,005 50 -- -- -- 1,055
1953 1,436 120 1 -- -- 1,557
1954 2,063 150 5 -- -- 2,218
1955 3,057 200 10 -- -- 3,267
1956 4,618 426 15 -- -- 5,059
1957 6,444 660 20 -- -- 7,124
1958 9,822 869 22 -- -- 10,713
1959 15,468 1,060 25 -- -- 16,553
1960 20,434 1,605 30 -- -- 22,069
1961 24,111 2,471 50 -- -- 26,632
1962 27,297 3,322 205 -- -- 30,823
1963 29,249 4,238 280 -- -- 33,767
1964 30,751 5,221 310 4 1 36,287
1965 31,642 6,129 310 32 5 38,118
1966 31,700 7,089 270 36 20 39,105
1967 30,893 8,339 270 36 25 39,563
1968 28,884 9,399 280 36 35 38,633
1969 26,910 10,538 308 36 50 37,841
1970 26,119 11,643 280 36 75 38,153
1971 26,365 13,092 220 45 100 39,822
1972 27,296 14,478 220 70 130 42,193
1973 28,335 15,915 275 116 150 44,791
1974 28,170 17,385 325 145 170 46,195
1975 27,052 19,055 350 188 185 46,830
1976 25,956 21,205 350 212 190 47,913
1977 25,099 23,044 350 228 200 48,920
1978 24,243 25,393 350 235 220 50,441
1979 24,107 27,935 350 235 235 52,862
1980 23,764 30,062 350 250 280 54,706
1981 23,031 32,049 350 275 330 56,035
1982 22,937 33,952 335 275 360 57,859
1983 23,154 35,804 320 280 380 59,938
1984 23,228 37,431 270 280 415 61,623
1985 23,135 39,197 300 360 425 63,416
1986 23,254 40,723 300 355 425 65,056
1987 23,490 38,859 300 420 415 63,484
1988 23,077 37,333 300 410 430 61,549
1989 22,174 35,805 300 410 435 59,124
1990 21,211 33,417 300 505 430 55,863
1991 18,306 28,595 300 540 435 48,176
1992 13,731 25,155 300 540 435 40,161
1993 11,536 21,101 300 525 435 33,897
1994 11,012 18,399 250 510 450 30,621
1995 10,953 14,978 300 500 400 27,131
1996 10,886 12,085 300 450 400 24,121
1997 10,829 11,264 260 450 400 23,203
1998 10,763 10,764 260 450 400 22,637
1999 10,698 10,451 185 450 400 22,184
2000 10,615 10,201 185 450 400 21,851
2001 10,491 9,126 200 350 400 20,567
2002 10,640 8,600 200 350 400 20,190

US = United States, SU = Soviet Union/Russia, UK = United Kingdom, FR = France and CH = China


NOTES

US warhead estimates exclude a small number of warheads awaiting dismantlement and are accurate to within a few hundred warheads.

SU/Russian warhead estimates exclude warheads awaiting dismantlement or in reserve status. The total number of intact warheads is estimated to be 18,000.

UK and French stockpile estimates are believed to be accurate to within a few tens of warheads.

Chinese warhead estimates are probably not accurate to better than 50 percent, due to the uncertainty in the number of tactical warheads.

In addition to the above, Israel, India and Pakistan have nuclear arsenals, and South Africa produced six gun-assembly type weapons in the 1980s, but dismantled them in the early-1990s. Estimates of the composition and evolution of the arsenals of Israel, India and Pakistan are extremely difficult to make. Israel may have a stockpile of some 100-200 nuclear weapons, India 30-35, and Pakistan between 24 and 48 nuclear weapons.

last revised 11.25.02

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