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Index of Nuclear Data

Table of USSR/Russian ICBM Forces
1960-69 | 1970-79 | 1980-89 | 1990-99 | 2000-2002 | Notes


ICBM Forces 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969

Launchers [1]
SS-6 Sapwood 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 0
SS-7 Saddler [2]
6 32 90 170 197 197 197 197 197
SS-8 Sasin[3]


5 17 23 23 23 23 23
SS-9 Scarp M1






10 20 40
SS-9 Scarp M2





10 70 115 130
SS-9 Scarp M3







3 5
SS-11 Sego M1




57 182 514 659 859
SS-13 Savage [4]








20
Total Launchers 2 10 36 99 191 281 416 818 1,017 1,274

Warheads
SS-6 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 0
SS-7
6 32 90 170 197 197 197 197 197
SS-8


5 17 23 23 23 23 23
SS-9 M1 [11]






10 20 40
SS-9 M2





10 70 115 130
SS-9 M3







3 5
SS-11 M1 [12]




57 182 514 659 859
SS-13








20
Total Warheads
(MRV=1)
2 10 36 99 191 281 416 818 1,017 1,274



ICBM Forces 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979

Launchers [1]
SS-7 Saddler [2] 197 190 190 190 190 190 138 78 0
SS-8 Sasin[3] 23 19 19 19 19 19 19 9 0
SS-9 Scarp M1 50 50 50 50 50 50 40 20 0
SS-9 Scarp M2 170 200 200 208 208 200 190 140 65 55
SS-9 Scarp M3 10 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
SS-9 Scarp M4
10 10 10 10 10 10 10 0
SS-11 Sego M1 982 990 955 830 610 490 430 330 230 220
SS 11 Sego M2 & M3


75 200 350 420 420 420 420
SS-13 Savage [4] 40 40 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60
SS-17 Spanker M1[5]




10 20 50 80 120
SS-17 Spanker M2







20 20
SS-18 Satan M1 & M3 [6]




10 36 36 36 36
SS-18 Satan M2






40 140 154
SS-18 Satan M4 & M5








50
SS-19 Stiletto M1 [7]




60 100 100 120 180
SS-19 Stiletto M2






20 60 60
Total Launchers 1,472 1,519 1,504 1,462 1,367 1,469 1,483 1,333 1,251 1,395

Warheads
SS-7 197 190 190 190 190 190 138 78 0
SS-8 23 19 19 19 19 19 19 9 0
SS-9 M1 [11] 50 50 50 50 50 50 40 20 0
SS-9 M2 170 200 200 208 208 200 190 140 65 55
SS-9 M3 10 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
SS-9 M4
30 30 30 30 30 30 30 0
SS-11 M1 [12] 982 990 955 830 610 490 430 330 230 220
SS-11 M2 & M3


150 400 700 840 840 840 840
SS-13 40 40 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60
SS-17 M1 [13]




40 80 200 320 480
SS-17 M2







20 20
SS-18 M1 & M3 [14]




10 36 36 36 36
SS-18 M2






320 1,120 1,232
SS-18 M4








500
SS-19 M1 [15]




360 600 600 720 1,080
SS-19 M2






20 60 60
Total Warheads 1,472 1,539 1,524 1,557 1,587 2,169 2,483 2,703 3,491 4,603
Total Warheads
(MRV=1)

1,519 1,504 1,462 1,367 1,799 2,043 2,263 3,071 4,183



ICBM Forces 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

Launchers [1]
SS-11 Sego M1 160 130 130 100 55 28 0


SS 11 Sego M2 & M3 420 420 420 420 420 420 420 420 370 360
SS-13 Savage [4] 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60
SS-17 Spanker M1[5] 130 130 30 0





SS-17 Spanker M2 20 20 10 0





SS-17 Spanker M3

110 150 150 150 150 139 120 100
SS-18 Satan M1 & M3 [6] 26 26 16 0





SS-18 Satan M2 162 162 92 0





SS-18 Satan M4 & M5 120 120 200 308 308 308 308 308 308 308
SS-19 Stiletto M1 [7] 180 180 80 0





SS-19 Stiletto M2 40 40 10 0





SS-19 Stiletto M3 20 80 240 330 360 360 360 360 350 300
SS-24 Scalpel M1 [8]






5 12 24
SS-24 Scalpel M2







20 56
SS-25 Sickle [9]




45 72 126 153 171
Total Launchers 1,338 1,368 1,398 1,368 1,353 1,371 1,370 1,418 1,393 1,379

Warheads
SS-11 M1 [12] 160 130 130 100 55 28 0


SS-11 M2 & M3 840 840 840 840 840 840 840 840 740 720
SS-13 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60
SS-17 M1 [13] 520 520 120 0





SS-17 M2 20 20 10 0





SS-17 M3

440 600 600 600 600 556 480 400
SS-18 M1 & M3 [14] 26 26 16 0





SS-18 M2 1,296 1,296 736 0





SS-18 M4 1,200 1,200 2,000 3,080 3,080 3,080 3,080 3,080 3,080 3,080
SS-19 M1 [15] 1,080 1,080 480 0





SS-19 M2 40 40 10 0





SS-19 M3 120 480 1,440 1,980 2,160 2,160 2,160 2,160 2,100 1,800
SS-24 M1






50 120 240
SS-24 M2







200 560
SS-25




45 72 126 153 171
Total Warheads 5,362 5,692 6,282 6,660 6,795 6,813 6,812 6,872 6,933 7,031
Total Warheads
(MRV=1)
4,942 5,272 5,862 6,240 6,375 6,393 6,392 6,452 6,563 6,671



ICBM Forces 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Launchers [1]
SS 11 Sego M2 & M3 310 0







SS-13 Savage [4] 30 0







SS-17 Spanker M3 50 0







SS-18 Satan M4 & M5 308 308 308 290 248 186 180 180 180 180
SS-19 Stiletto M3 300 300 235 200 170 170 160 160 160 150
SS-24 Scalpel M1 [8] 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36
SS-24 Scalpel M2 56 56 56 36 10 10 10 10 10 10
SS-25 Sickle [9] 207 234 270 297 318 351 360 360 360 360
SS-27 Sickle [10]







10 20
Total Launchers 1,297 934 905 859 782 753 746 746 756 756

Warheads
SS-11 M2 & M3 620 0







SS-13 30 0







SS-17 M3 200 0







SS-18 M4 3,080 3,080 3,080 2,900 2,480 1,860 1,800 1,800 1,800 1,800
SS-19 M3 1,800 1,800 1,410 1,200 1,020 1,020 960 960 960 900
SS-24 M1 360 360 360 360 360 360 360 360 360 360
SS-24 M2 560 560 560 360 100 100 100 100 100 100
SS-25 207 234 270 297 318 351 360 360 360 360
SS-27 [16]







10 20
Total 6,857 6,034 5,680 5,117 4,278 3,691 3,580 3,580 3,590 3,540
Total Warheads
(MRV=1)
6,547 6,034









ICBM Forces 2000 2001 2002

Launchers [1]
SS-18 Satan M4 & M5 180 144 144
SS-19 Stiletto M3 150 137 137
SS-24 Scalpel M1 [8] 36 36 36
SS-24 Scalpel M2 10 0
SS-25 Sickle [9] 360 360 360
SS-27 Sickle [10] 20 29 29
Total Launchers 756 706 706

Warheads
SS-18 M4 1,800 1,440 1,440
SS-19 M3 900 822 822
SS-24 M1 360 360 360
SS-24 M2 100 0 0
SS-25 360 360 360
SS-27 20 29 29
Total 3,540 3,011 3,011


NOTES

1. The initial operational capability (IOC) dates vary in different U.S. government sources.

2. At maximum deployment in 1965 there were a total of 197 SS-7s with 128 at soft sites and 69 at hard sites. Some phase out of both began in 1971.

3. Soft site deployment began in November 1963 with hard site deployment beginning in April 1964. At maximum deployment in 1965 there were a total of 23 SS-8s with 14 at soft sites and 9 at hard sites.

4. All 60 SS-13s were deployed at Yoshkar Ola.

5. The 150 SS-17s replaced the SS-11s and were deployed at Kostromo and Yedrovo.

6. At full deployment the 308 SS-18s were deployed at Aleysk (30), Dombarosvki (64), Kartaly (46), and Uzhur (64) in Russia, and Derzhavinsk (52) and Zhangiz-Tobe (52) in Kazakhstan.

7. At full deployment the 360 SS-19s were deployed at Tatischevo (120) and Kozelsk (60) in Russia and Khmelnitski (90) and Pervomaysk (90) in Ukraine.

8. The first few rail-based SS-24 Mod 1s were deployed at Kostromo in December 1987. The first regiment of silo-based SS-24 Mod 2s were operational at Pervomaysk, Ukraine in August 1988, replacing SS-19s. Eventually there would be 46 SS-24 Mod 2s at Pervomaysk, 10 SS-24 Mod 2s at Tatischevo and 12 SS-24 Mod 1s each at Kostromo, Bershet and Krasnoyarsk. Deactivation of the 46 SS-24s in the Ukraine occurred in stages with 20 removed from alert by the end of 1993 and the balance a year later.

9. As of mid-1996 351 SS-25s were deployed at ten bases in Russia: Kansk, Nizhniy Tagil, Novosibirsk, Yurya (45 each); Irkutsk, Teykovo, Yoshkar Ola, Banual (36 each); 18 at Drovyanay and 9 at Vypolzovo. The last SS-25s from Belarus and their warheads were redeployed back to Russia by the end of November 1996.

10. The Mod 1 (12-18 MT) is a single RV. The Mod 2 (18-25 MT) is a single RV. The Mod 3 (2 to 3. 5 MT) is the Fractional Orbital Bombardment System (FOBS). The Mod 4 (2 to 3.5 MT) carried up to three warheads on multiple reentry vehicle (MRV). The MRV was a precursor to the MIRV, where the warheads could not be independently targetable. Because the area in which the warheads can be targeted is limited many tables count the multiple RVs as one warhead. For purposes of estimating warhead production they should be counted separately.

11. Single reentry vehicle. Mod 1 retired first to compensate for SS-25. All retired by end of 1987. Mod 2 used penetration aids. Mod 3 carried up to three warheads on MRV. Assumes half Mod 2 and half Mod 3 during phaseout.

12. Up to four MIRV warheads on Mods 1 and 3 and a single RV on Mod 2.

13. Single reentry vehicle on Mods 1 and 3. Up to eight MIRV warheads on Mod 2. Up to ten MIRV warheads on Mod 4.

14. Up to six MIRV warheads on Mods 1 and 3. Single reentry vehicle on Mod 2.

15. Up to ten MIRV warheads.

16. Single reentry vehicle.

last revised 11.25.02

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