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The Internet and the Bomb:
A Research Guide to Policy and Information about Nuclear Weapons


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NRDC NUCLEAR DATA

With the publication of the first volume of the Nuclear Weapons Databook in 1984, NRDC established itself as the preeminent supplier of comprehensive and accurate data about nuclear arsenals. This was followed in 1987 by publication of Volumes II and III concerning U.S. Nuclear Warhead Production, by Volume IV in 1989 on Soviet Nuclear Weapons, and by Volume V in 1994 on British, French, and Chinese Nuclear Forces. Since 1985, NRDC has additionally coauthored chapters and provided statistical nuclear forces tables in annual editions of the SIPRI Yearbook published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). In 1987, NRDC also began writing the "Nuclear Notebook" section in each issue of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists to supplement and update information in the Databooks. NRDC data is also used as a source for tables in editions of the annual The Military Balance published by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). NRDC is also called upon repeatedly to supply data for tables, graphs, and maps to accompany articles in newspapers and magazines.

No examination of recent nuclear data would be complete without looking at the 1994 DOE "Declassification of Certain Characteristics of the United States Nuclear Weapon Stockpile" (located online at http://www.osti.gov/asp/osti/opennet/document/press/pc26.html). The DOE site includes the following tables: Joint DOE/DOD declassification of information on the nuclear stockpile, including total megatonnage (1945-1994); the total number of nuclear weapons in the stockpile (1949-1961); total number of weapon builds by year for weapon systems fully retired; total number of weapon retirements (1945-1989); and the number of disassembled weapons from 1980-1994.

The references below are to the latest NRDC data tables and figures dealing with nuclear stockpiles, materials, and forces. Each have appeared in the various publications mentioned above, and are updated to provide the most current information online. The two most important recent working papers dealing with nuclear data are: US-USSR/Russian Strategic Offensive Nuclear Forces 1945-1996 (January 1997) and U.S. Inventories of Nuclear Weapons and Weapon-Usable Fissile Material (revised 26 September 1995).



Nuclear Stockpiles and Forces

U.S. Nuclear Weapons Stockpile, 1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab12.asp
Breakdown by weapons system, including warhead type, yield, and number.

U.S. Nuclear Stockpile, 1945-1996
Strategic and nonstrategic warheads, DOD Stockpile, awaiting disassembly, and intact warheads by calendar year.

Table By Calendar Year
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab9.asp
Figure By Calendar Year
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/dafig9.asp

Russian Nuclear Stockpile, 1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab13.asp
Breakdown by weapons system and number.

USSR/Russian Nuclear Stockpile, 1949-1996

Table By Calendar Year
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab10.asp
Figure By Calendar Year
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/dafig10.asp
Strategic and nonstrategic warheads, awaiting disassembly, and intact warheads.

U.S.-USSR/Russian Nuclear Stockpile, 1945-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/dafig11.asp
Graphical depiction of stockpile size by calendar year.

British Nuclear Forces, end 1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab18.asp
By type, year deployed, yield, range, and number.

French Nuclear Forces, end 1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab16.asp
By type, year deployed, yield, range, and number.

Chinese Nuclear Forces, end 1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab17.asp
By type, year deployed, yield, range, and number.



U.S. and Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces

U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces, end 1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab11.asp
Status of strategic forces, including weapons system, yield, range, number.

Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces, end 1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab14.asp
Status of strategic forces, including weapons system, yield, range, number.

U.S. Strategic Offensive Force Loadings, 1945-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab1.asp
Launchers and warheads for ICBMs, SLBMs, and bombers.

USSR/Russian Strategic Offensive Force Loadings, 1956-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab2.asp
Launchers and warheads for ICBMs, SLBMs, and bombers.

U.S.-USSR/Russian Total Strategic Launchers (Force Loadings), 1945-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/dafig1.asp
Graphical representation comparing launchers in tables titled 'U.S. Strategic Offensive Force Loadings, 1945-1996' and 'USSR/Russian Strategic Offensive Force Loadings, 1956-1996'.

U.S.-USSR/Russian Total Strategic Warheads (Force Loadings), 1945-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/dafig2.asp
Graphical representation comparing total warheads in tables titled 'U.S. Strategic Offensive Force Loadings, 1945-1996' and 'USSR/Russian Strategic Offensive Force Loadings, 1956-1996'.

U.S. ICBM Forces, 1959-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab3.asp
Year by year totals for nine missile types and eight warhead types.

USSR/Russian ICBM Forces, 1960-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab4.asp
Year by year totals from Sapwood to Satan to Sickle.

U.S.-USSR/Russian ICBM Launchers, 1959-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/dafig3.asp
Graphical representation comparing total launchers in tables 'U.S. ICBM Forces, 1959-1996' and 'U.S.-USSR/Russian ICBM Launchers, 1959-1996'.

U.S.-USSR/Russian ICBM Warheads (Force Loadings), 1959-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/dafig4.asp
Graphical representation comparing total warheads in tables 'U.S. ICBM Forces, 1959-1996' and 'U.S.-USSR/Russian ICBM Launchers, 1959-1996'.

U.S. Ballistic Missile Submarine Forces, 1960-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab5.asp
Year by year totals for three types of ballistic missile submarines, six types of SLBMs, and five warhead types.

USSR/Russian Ballistic Missile Submarine Forces, 1958-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab6.asp
Year by year totals from Golf to Typhoon and from Sark to Skiff.

U.S.-USSR/Russian SLBM Launchers, 1958-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/dafig5.asp
Graphical representation comparing total launchers in tables titled 'U.S. Ballistic Missile Submarine Forces, 1960-1996' and 'USSR/Russian Ballistic Missile Submarine Forces, 1958-1996'.

U.S.-USSR/Russian SLBM Warheads (Force Loadings), 1958-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/dafig6.asp
Graphical representation comparing total warheads in tables titled 'U.S. Ballistic Missile Submarine Forces, 1960-1996' and 'USSR/Russian Ballistic Missile Submarine Forces, 1958-1996'.

U.S. Strategic Bomber Forces, 1945-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab7.asp
Year by year totals for nine types of bombers and a variety of bombs and air-to-surface missiles.

USSR/Russian Strategic Bomber Forces, 1956-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab8.asp
Year by year totals from Bison to Bear to Blackjack.

U.S.-USSR/Russian Strategic Bombers, 1949-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/dafig7.asp
Graphical representation comparing bombers in tables titled 'U.S. Strategic Bomber Forces, 1945-1996' and 'USSR/Russian Strategic Bomber Forces, 1956-1996'.

U.S.-USSR/Russian Strategic Bomber Weapons (Force Loadings), 1949-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/dafig8.asp
Graphical representation comparing bomber weapons in tables titled 'U.S. Strategic Bomber Forces, 1945-1996' and 'USSR/Russian Strategic Bomber Forces, 1956-1996'.



Other Data

Known Nuclear Tests Worldwide, 1945-1996
http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/nudb/datab15.asp
Year by year for the United States, Soviet Union/Russian, Britain, France and China.


The Internet and the Bomb: A Research Guide to Policy and Information about Nuclear Weapons is written and maintained by William M. Arkin and Robert S. Norris. Any questions, comments or suggestions should be sent to the authors at warkin@igc.org and rnorris@nrdc.org. This page was last updated 5/1/97

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