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Appendix A
Summary of NRDC'S Test Results
Bottled Water Contaminants Found

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Brand(a) Test # Water Type Purchase Location Source of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b) Number of Bottles Tested Lab Rep. # Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


3651Natural Spring Water (1.5 liters)Berkeley, CABottled in Austin, TXNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not received
10 (composited)SA-711-1402
Albertson's A+1Natural Spring Water (1 liter)San Diego/San Marcos, CAPalomar Mtn. SpringNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.8
10 (composited)SA-712-0390
Alhambra1Crystal Fresh Drinking Water (1 gal.)San FranciscoMcKesson Water Prod., Pasadena, CA45Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.1Toluene detected at 12.5 ppb
o-xylene at 2.7 ppb
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-27-29Toluene and o-xylene are industrial chemicals found at levels below standards. Bottle claims "purified using. . .filtration, ozonation, reverse osmosis, and/or deionization."
Alhambra2Crystal Fresh Drinking Water (1 liter)San FranciscoMcKesson Water Prod., Pasadena, CA56Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not receivedNo toluene or xylene detected10 (composited)SA-711-1403
Alhambra1Sport Top Crystal Fresh Drinking Water (16.9 fl. oz.)San FranciscoMcKesson Water Prod., Pasadena, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.1
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1 -33a-f
Alhambra*†1Mountain Spring Water, "prepared using filtration and ozone" (1 gal.)San FranciscoMcKesson Water Prod., Pasadena, CA>5700†Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Coliforms found at >200*3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-30-32HPC bacteria in excess of guideline, and coliforms in excess of FDA standards.
Alhambra†2Mountain Spring Water (1 gallon)San FranciscoMcKesson Water Prod., Pasadena, CA1100†Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not receivedNo coliforms detected10 (composited)SA-711-1404HPC bacteria in excess of guideline.
Apollinaris*1Sparkling Mineral Water (1 liter)Berkeley, CABad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler, GermanyNot
Detected
5.6*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not receivedFluoride found at 0.37 ppm, below std.10 (composited)SA-711-1405Arsenic level exceeds CA Prop. 65 level.
Apollinaris*2Sparkling Mineral Water

No test7.8*No testNo test No testNo testNo testNo test
10 (composited)SA-806-2078Arsenic level exceeds CA Prop. 65 level.
Aquafina1Purified Drinking Water -- "Purity Guaranteed" Non-Carbonated (1 liter)Los Angeles
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA6-LA8

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Aquafina1Purified Drinking Water -- "Purity Guaranteed" (1 liter)Berkeley, CALaurel Bottling Co, Fresno, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not received
10 (composited)SA-711-1406
Aquafina1Purified Drinking WaterHouston, TXCity of Houston Water SupplyNot
Detected
Not
Detected
4.13.50.6Not
Detected
5 ppb (just below 6 ppb tap water standard)Not
Detected
Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate found at 0.9 ppb ( below standard of 400 ppb)10 (composited)298808-965 (944-949)Pthalate (DEHP) is often present as a result of migration from the bottle to the water. The level detected is just below the EPA tap water standard for this chemical, though there is no bottled water standard (see text).
Aquafina2Purified Drinking WaterHouston, TXCity of Houston Water SupplyNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 bottles, individually298-808-965 (934-943)HPC bacteria test, none found in 10 bottles.
Arrowhead1Mountain Spring WaterSan FranciscoArrowhead MSW Co., L.A., CANot
Detected
3.2Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
1.2
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-37a-f
Arrowhead2Mountain Spring Water (1.5 liter)Berkeley, CAArrowhead MSW Co., L.A., CA5Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not received
10 (composited)SA-711-1407
Arrowhead3Mountain Spring Water (5 gallon)Los AngelesNot notedNot
Detected
Not
Detected
4.31.91.60.8Not
Detected
1.0
10 (composited)SA 712-0807
Arrowhead1Sparkling Mountain Spring Water (1.5 liter)San FranciscoArrowhead MSW Co., L.A., CANot
Detected
3.1Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.8
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-34-36
Arrowhead2Sparkling Mountain Spring Water (1.5 liter)Berkeley, CAArrowhead MSW Co., L.A. , CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
1.11.1Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not received
10 (composited)SA-711-1408
Beechnut1Water, Fluoride Added (1 gallon)San Dimas, CAPalomar Mountain, bottled by Famous Ramona, Ramona, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Fluoride at 0.71 ppm10 (composited)SA-712-0392
Black Mountain†1Distilled Water (1 gallon)Berkeley, CABlack Mtn. Wtr.Co., San Carlos, CA1000†Not
Detected
41.41.80.8Not
Detected
Results not received
10 (composited)SA-711-1409Level of HPC bacteria exceeds guideline.

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Black Mountain2Distilled Water

Not
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo total coliforms10 (tested individually)SA 806-2079No HPC bacteria detected.
Black Mountain†1Fluoridated Water (1 gallon)Berkeley, CABlack Mtn. Wtr.Co., San Carlos, CA2100†Not
Detected
2.41.11.3Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not receivedFluoride found at 0.93 ppm* (exceeds standard in warm areas)10 (composited)SA-711-1410Fluoride above standard of 0.8 ppm for added fluoride in areas with average high temp. of 79.3°F. HPC bacteria over guideline level of 500 cfu/ml.
Black Mountain†2Fluoridated Water

18,000† (1bottle)
30 (1 bottle)
Not
Detected (8 bottles)
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo total coliforms10 (individually)SA 806-20801 bottle of 10 contained HPC level well over guideline level.
Black Mountain3Fluoridated Water

No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testFluoride found at 1.3 ppm (exceeds standard in warm areas)4 (composited)901-079Fluoride above standard of 0.8 ppm for added fluoride in warm weather areas (average high over 79°F).
Black Mountain1Purified Water (1 gallon)Berkeley, CABlack Mtn. Wtr.Co., San Carlos, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
2.31.11.2Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not received
10 (composited)SA-711-1411
Black Mountain*†1Spring Water (1 gallon)San FranciscoBlack Mtn. Wtr.Co., San Carlos, CA>5,700†3.6Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.2Total coliform count 27*; Toluene found at 8.9 ppb3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-19-20Levels of HPC bacteria exceed guidelines. Coliforms exceed FDA standards. Toluene is a component of gasoline or industrial chemicals.
Black Mountain2Spring Water (5 gal.)San FranciscoBlack Mtn. Wtr.Co., San Carlos, CA330Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
No total coliforms or toluene detected10 (composited)SA-712-0846
Black Mountain3Spring Water (1 gallon)Berkeley, CABlack Mtn. Wtr.Co., San Carlos, CA80Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
No total coliforms or toluene detected10 (composited)SA-711-1577
Calistoga1Distilled Water (1 gallon)Berkeley, CACalistoga MW Co., Calistoga, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-711-1578
Calistoga1Mountain Spring Water (0.5 liter)San FranciscoCalistoga MW Co., Calistoga, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.8
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-1a-f

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Calistoga†2Mountain Spring Water (6 gal.)Oakland, CACalistoga MW Co., Calistoga, CA4900†Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.6
10 (composited)SA-712-0847HPC bacteria found at levels substantially exceeding guideline.
Calistoga3Mountain Spring Water (1 liter)San FranciscoCalistoga MW Co., Calistoga, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.5
10 (composited)SA-711-1579
Calistoga4Mountain Spring Water

Not
Detected to 1 cfu/ml
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo total coliforms10 (individually)SA 806-2081HPC bacteria within guidelines in all bottles tested.
Calistoga*1Sparkling Mineral Water, Original Napa Valley (1 liter)San FranciscoNapa Valley331.8*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.1
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-2-4Arsenic level exceeds CA Prop. 65 limit.
Calistoga
Sparkling Mineral Water, Original Napa ValleySan FranciscoNapa ValleyNo testNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
8 (composited)SA-901-0797Arsenic retest found none
Calistoga1Sparkling Mineral Water (1 liter)San FranciscoCalistoga MW Co., Calistoga, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-711-1580
Calistoga2Sparkling Mineral Water

No testNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (composited)SA 806-2078
Canada Dry1Club Soda (1 liter)Berkeley, CACadbury Beverages Stamford, CTNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.6
10 (composited)SA-711-1581
Canada Dry1Sparkling Water (1 liter)San FranciscoCadbury Beverages Stamford, CT1.0Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.13 ppm, well below std.10 (composited)SA-711-1582
Castle Rock1"Spring Water Bottled at the Source" (1 liter)San Francisco"The Cascade Mountains"Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-16-18

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Cobb Mountain1Natural Spring Water (1.5 liter)Berkeley, CACobb Mtn. Spring Water Co., Cobb, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
1.2Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Bromoform (a trihalomethane) found at 1.2 ppb, below standard10 (composited)SA-711-1583
Crystal Geyser*1Alpine Spring Water (16.9 oz.)San FranciscoCG Roxane source, Eastern Sierra, bottled at Olancha, CA46017.8*
click for update
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected


3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-26a-fArsenic level exceeds CA Prop. 65 limit.
Crystal Geyser*2Alpine Spring Water (1 liter)San FranciscoCG Roxane source, Eastern Sierra, Olancha, CANot
Detected
11*
click for update
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.82 ppm10 (composited)SA-711-1585Arsenic level exceeds CA Prop. 65 limit; fluoride level is below standard of 1.4 ppm in warm areas (if natural) but above the warm area standard of 0.80 ppm if added.
Crystal Geyser*3Alpine Spring Water

No test12*
click for update
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (composited)SA 806-2078Arsenic exceeds Prop. 65 limit and WHO/EU standard.
Crystal Geyser*1Napa Valley Sparkling Mineral Water Bottled at the Source (12 fl. oz.)San FranciscoNapa Valley135.2*
click for update
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.2
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-25a-fArsenic exceeds Prop. 65 limit.
Crystal Geyser2Napa Valley Sparkling Mineral Water

No testNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (composited)SA 806-2078No arsenic detected.
Crystal Geyser*3Napa Valley Sparkling Mineral Water

No test14 ppb
click for update
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test10 (composited)SA-901-0798Arsenic exceeds CA Prop. 65 limit and WHO/EU standard.
Crystal Geyser1Sparkling Mineral Water (1 liter)Berkeley, CACrystal Geyser Water Company, Calistoga, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-711-1584
Crystal Geyser1(1 liter)Chicago, IL
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)297719-48 (43-48)
Crystal Geyser1(1 liter)Chicago, IL
Not
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
9 (individually)297790-836 (810-818)

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Dannon1Natural Spring Water
(1.05 pint )
San FranciscoPiedmont, Quebec, Canada6Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.8
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-24a-f
Dannon2Natural Spring Water (1 liter)San FranciscoPiedmont, Quebec, Canada330Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.8
10 (composited)SA-711-1696
Dannon3Natural Spring WaterNew York CityPiedmont, Quebec, CanadaNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
1.2Di-n-butyl-pthalate at 7.5 ppb; Methylene chloride at 1.5 ppb (below 5ppb statandard)10 (composited)299863-942 (911-916)Pthalate may be from leaching from bottle top or other packaging materials; methylene chloride of unknown origin, and at 30% of FDA standard.
Dannon†4Natural Spring WaterNew York CityPiedmont, Quebec, Canada2 of 10 bottles tested contained HPC bacterial overgrowth†No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)299 863-942 (917-926)Bacterial overgrowth was observed in 2 of the 10 bottles tested. The presence of a large number of noncoliform HPC bacteria may be inhibiting the detection of coliform bacteria during the testing. See text for discussion of HPC bacteria.
Deer Park1Spring Water
(1 liter)
New York CityValley View Spring, Hegins Twp., PANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)299 863-942 (879-884)
Deer Park2Spring Water
(1 liter)
New York CityValley View Spring, Hegins Twp., PANot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)299 863-942 (885-894)
Deer Park3Spring Water (1.5 liter)Washington DCHegin Township, PANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)298 808-965 (879-884)
Deer Park4Spring Water
(1.5 liter)
Washington DCHegin Township, PANot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)298 808-965 (869-878)
Dominick's1Natural Spring Water (1.5 liter)Chicago, IL
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.6
10 (composited)297719-48 (31-36)
Dominick's2Natural Spring Water (1.5 liter)Chicago, IL
Not
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
9 (individually)297 790-836 (828-836)

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Evian1Natural Spring Water (1 liter)San Francisco, CACachat Springs, Evian, France212.0Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.7
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-21-23
Evian2Natural Spring Water (1 liter)San Francisco, CACachat Springs, Evian, France63Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.8
10 (composited)SA-711-1697
Fiuggi1Natural Mineral Water (1 liter)Berkeley, CAA.S.T.I.F., Fiuggi, Italy7Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
2.5
10 (composited)SA-711-1698
Gerber1Baby Water with Fluoride (1.5 liter)Berkeley, CAAquaPenn Springs, Graysville, PA2Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.6Fluoride found at 0.46 ppm, below standard10 (composited)SA-711-1699
Gerolsteiner1Sprudel Sparkling Mineral Water (1 liter)Berkeley, CAGerolstein, GermanyNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
1.0
10 (composited)SA-711-1700
Glacier Springs1Purified Water
(1 gallon)
Miami, FL
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
1.61.6Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Aluminum found at 180 ppb (std. is 200 ppb)10 (composited)304085-165 (150-155)Aluminum found at 180 ppb, just below the 200 ppb FDA bottled water standard, set based on taste, odor, and aesthetic concerns. FDA's standard for aluminum is not applicable to mineral water, but is applicable to purified water.
Glacier Springs†2Purified WaterMiami, FL
HPC bacterial overgrowth detected in 1 of 10 bottles tested†No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)304085-165 (304156-304165)Bacterial overgrowth was observed in 1 of the 10 bottles tested. The presence of a large number of noncoliform HPC bacteria may be inhibiting the detection of coliform bacteria during the testing. See text for discussion of HPC bacteria.
Hawaii1Purified Drinking Water (1.5 liters)Berkeley, CAMenehuneWater Co, Aiea, HINot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-711-1701
Hildon1Mineral Water-Carbonated (750 ml)Berkeley, CABroughton, Hampshire, EnglandNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
5.6
10 (composited)SA-711-1702Elevated nitrate level, though below FDA standard, of potential concern--see text.
Hildon2Mineral Water-Carbonated (750 ml)Berkeley, CABroughton, Hampshire, EnglandNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test5.4
10 (composited)SA 808-1663Retest of elevated nitrate level; below FDA standard, of potential concern--see text.

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Hildon1Mineral Water-Still (750 ml)Berkeley, CABroughton, Hampshire, England200Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
5.6
10 (composited)SA-711-1703Elevated nitrate level, though below FDA standard, of potential concern--see text.
Hinckley Schmidt1(1 gallon)Chicago, IL
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
1.9
10 (composited)297719-48 (25-30)
Hinckley Schmidt2(1 gallon)Chicago, IL
Not
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)297 790-836 (790-799)
Hyde Park†1Purified Water (1 gallon)Miami, FL
>5700†Not
Detected
2.22.10.1Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)304085-165 (101-106)Level of HPC bacteria substantially exceeded guideline.
Hyde Park2Purified WaterMiami, FL
Not
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)304085-165 (304107-304116)Retest for HPC bacteria in 10 bottles found none
Ice Age1"Glacial Water" (1 liter)Berkeley, CAAlpine Creek, Manitoba Inlet, Canada67Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-711-1704
Janet Lee1Drinking Water (1 gallon)San Diego/San Marcos, CAAlbertsons, Boise, ID, distrib.Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.7
10 (composited)SA-712-0393
Janet Lee1Purified Water (1 gallon)San Diego/San Marcos, CAAlbertsons, Boise ID, distrib.Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0394
Janet Lee1Spring Water (1 gallon)San Diego/San Marcos, CAAlbertsons, Boise ID, distrib.41Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0395
Jewel1Artesian Water (1 gallon)Chicago, IL
Not
Detected
1.1Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)297719-48 (19-24)

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Jewel2Artesian Water (1 gallon)Chicago, IL
Not
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)298 808-965 (800-809)
Kroger1Utopia Spring Water (1 liter)Houston, TXIndian Springs, Franklin County, TX1Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.9
10 (composited)298 808-965 (928-933)
Kroger2Utopia Spring Water (1 liter)Houston, TXIndian Springs, Franklin County, TXNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)298 808-965 (918-927)
Lady Lee1Natural Spring Water (1 gallon)San Francisco
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Toluene at 13.9 ppb; o-xylene at 3.0 ppb3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-53-55Toluene and xylene are constituents of gasoline and also used in some industrial chemicals.
Lucky (aka Lady Lee)2Natural Spring Water (1 gallon)San FranciscoPlant #06-2120Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
No toluene or xylene detected10 (composited)SA-712-0025
Lady Lee3Natural Spring Water

No testNo testNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
No testNo testToluene at 0.55 ppb, no xylene detected10 (composited)SA-806-2086
Lady Lee*1Purified Water purified by deionization
(1 gallon)
San Francisco
Not
Detected
6.5*54.8*54.8*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.1Toluene at 9.5 ppb; ethyl-benzene at 2.0 ppb; m/p-xylene at 3.1 ppb; o-xylene at 6.3 ppb3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-50-52Arsenic and chloroform at levels above CA Prop. 65 levels. TTHMs above CA and industry standard of 10 ppb. Toluene and xylene are gasoline constituents and also used in some industrial chemicals.
Lucky (aka Lady Lee)2Purified Water (1 gallon)San FranciscoPlant #06-211Not
Detected
1.11.1Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0026
Lady Lee3Purified Water purified by deionization (1 gal.)San Francisco
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
No testNo testMethylene chloride at 4.1 ppb (std. is 5 ppb)3 (1 for each contaminant type)SA-808-1666Methylene chloride at level just below federal standard.
Lady Lee*1Drinking Water (1 gallon)San Francisco
Not
Detected
3.291.6*88.9*2.7*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.1Toluene at 11.0 ppb;
o-xylene at 2.9 ppb
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-56-58THM levels in excess of CA & industry standards; chloroform and bromodichloromethane in excess of CA Prop. 65 level. Toluene and xylene are gasoline constituents and also used in industrial chemicals.

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Lady Lee*2Drinking Water

No testNo test29*29*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
No testNo testToluene at 0.5 ppb; no xylene found10 (composited)SA-806-2085THM levels in excess of CA & industry standards; chloroform in excess of CA Prop. 65 level. Toluene is a gasoline constituent and used in industrial chemicals.
Lucky (aka Lady Lee)3Drinking Water (1 gallon)San FranciscoPlant #06-218Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
No toluene or xylene detected10 (composited)SA-711-1705
Lucky*1Seltzer Water (2 liters)San FranciscoSalt Lake City, UT, distrib., Am Procurement & LogisticsNot
Detected
Not
Detected
30.7*29*1.7Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.84 ppm*10 (composited)SA-712-0027THM level exceeds CA & industry standards, and chloroform level exceeds CA Prop. 65 level. Fluoride level slightly over CA warm weather area standard of 0.8 ppm if fluoride added (if fluoride is natural, warm weather area standard is 1.4 ppm); identical FDA standard does not apply to seltzer (not defined as "bottled water").
Lucky*2Seltzer Water

No testNo test20*20*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
No testNo testn-isopropyl-toluene at 230 ppb;
n-butyl-benzene at 21 ppb; Toluene at 1.8 ppb;

SA-806-2087Chloroform level CA Prop. 65 warning level; THM level exceeds CA & industry standards. High level of n-isopropyl toluene and elevated level of n-butyl-benzene of unknown origin; CA law generally prohibits levels over 1 ppb of these VOCs in source water, but may have been added in processing.
Lucky1Sparkling Water, Sugar Free Rasberry Bev. (1 liter)San Francisco
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.2p-isopropyl-toluene found at 5.4 ppb3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-41-43
Master Choice†1Spring Water (1.5 liters)New York CityStockbridge, VT>5700†Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
1.7
10 (composited)299863-942 (863-868)Level of HPC bacteria substantially exceeded guideline.
Master Choice†2Spring Water (1.5 liters)New York City
1 of 10 bottles had HPC bacterial overgrowth†No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)299869-878Bacterial overgrowth was observed in 1 of the 10 bottles tested. The presence of a large number of noncoliform HPC bacteria may be inhibiting the detection of coliform bacteria during the testing. See text for discussion of HPC bacteria.
Mendocino1Sparkling Mineral Water (1 liter)Berkeley, CAMendocino Bev., Comptche, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0028
Natural Value†1Spring Water (1 gallon)Berkeley, CANat. Value, Sacramento, CA, distrib.7,300†Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0029Level of HPC bacteria substantially exceeded guideline applied to bottled water by some states.
Naya1Canadian Natural Spring Water (1 liter)Los AngelesRevelstroke, BC, CanadaNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA 15-LA 17

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Naya2Canadian Spring Water (1 liter)San Diego, CARevelstroke, BC, CanadaNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0396
Naya3Canadian Spring Water (1.5 liter)New York CityRevelstroke, B.C., CanadaNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)299863-942 (927-932)
Naya4Canadian Spring Water (1.5 liters)New York CityCanadaNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)299 863-942 (933-942)
Niagara*1Drinking Water (1 gallon)San Diego, CAIrvine, CA35Not
Detected
8.53.73.1*1.7Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0397Bromodichlormethane found above CA Prop. 65 level.
Niagara2Drinking Water

No testNo test3.11.51.10.5No testNo test
1 (individual)SA-901-0800
Niagara3Drinking Water

No testNo test1.60.90.7Not DetectedNo testNo test
8 (composited)SA-901-0800
Nursery1Drinking Water, sodium free fluoride added, not sterile, use as directed by physician or by labeling directions for use in infant formula (1 gallon)San Francisco
Not
Detected
4.5 ppbNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Toluene found at 12.4 ppb, o-xylene at 3.2 ppb, styrene at 3.0 ppb3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-47-49Toluene and xylene are constituents of gasoline and also used in some industrial chemicals.
Nursery2Drinking Water

No testNo testNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
No testNo testToluene at 0.57 ppb10 (composited)SA-807-0079
Odwalla*1Geothermal Natural Spring Water (1 liter)Berkeley, CATrinity Springs, Davenport, CA13.8Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Fluoride found at 1.5 ppm*10 (composited)SA-712-0030FDA and California bottled water regulations impose a maximum of 1.4 ppm fluoride in areas with annual average high temperatures of >79.3 °F.
Odwalla*2


No test3.9No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testFluoride at 1.6 ppm*10 (composited)SA-807-0080FDA and California bottled water regulations impose a maximum of 1.4 ppm fluoride in areas with annual average high temperatures of >79.3 °F.

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Opal†1Spring Water
(1.5 liter)
Berkeley, CACulver, OR510†2.4Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.16 ppm10 (composited)SA-712-0031Level of HPC bacteria exceeded guideline applied to bottled water by some states.
Ozarka1Drinking WaterHouston, TXHouston Municipal Water Supply1Not
Detected
2.21.80.4Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)29808-965 (960-965)
Ozarka2Drinking WaterHouston, TXHouston Municipal Water SupplyNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)298950-959
Palomar*1Mountain Spring Water
(1 liter)
Los AngelesPalomar Mountain, Escondido, CA25.8 ppbNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.6
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA3-5Arsenic level exceeds CA Prop. 65 warning level.
Palomar2Mountain Spring Water (1.5 liters)Venice, CAPalomar Mountain, Escondido, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.6
10 (composited)SA-712-0398
Palomar3Mountain Spring Water (1.5 liters)Los AngelesPalomar Mountain, Escondido, CANo testNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (composited)SA-808-1664
Pathmark1Spring Water
(1.5 liters)
New York CityGuelph, Canada1Not
Detected
2.4Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.1Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Bromoform (a trihalomethane) was found at 2.2 ppb10 (composited)299863-942 (895-900)
Pathmark†2Spring Water
(1.5 liters)
New York CityGuelph, Canada1 of 10 bottles tested contained HPC bacterial overgrowth†No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)299 863-942 (901-910)Bacterial overgrowth was observed in 1 of the 10 bottles tested. The presence of a large number of noncoliform HPC bacteria may be inhibiting the detection of coliform bacteria during the testing. See text for discussion of HPC bacteria.
Pathmark3Spring Water
(1.5 liters)
New York CityGuelph, CanadaNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)299 863-942 (879 & 885-893)
Perrier1Sparkling Mineral Water
(25 fl oz.)
San FranciscoVergeze, France19Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
2.82-Chlorotoluene found at 4.6 ppb3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-44-46Chlorotoluene of unknown origin

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Perrier2Sparkling Mineral Water
(25 fl oz.)
Los AngelesVergeze, FranceNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
2.62-Chlorotoluene found at 3.7 ppb3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA 36- LA 38Chlorotoluene of unknown origin.
Perrier*3Sparkling Mineral Water (1 liter)San FranciscoVergeze, FranceNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Di(2-ethylhexyl)Phthalate detected at 12 ppb* 4.3No detection of 2-Chlorotoluene10 (composited)SA-712-0032Exceeds 6 ppb tap water standard for Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), but there is no standard for bottled water for this chemical. California does not allow this DEHP level in the source water for bottled water, but sets no DEHP standard for finished bottled water.
Perrier4Sparkling Mineral WaterSan FranciscoVergeze, FranceNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test4.1No test10 (composited)SA-808-1662Nitrate retest.
Poland Spring†1Natural Spring Water
(1 liter)
Washington, DC
750†Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)298808-965 (819-824)HPC bacteria found at levels exceeding guideline applied by some states to bottled water.
Poland Spring†2Natural Spring Water
(1 liter)
Washington, DC
5 of 10 bottles tested had HPC bacterial overgrowth†No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)298 808-965 (809-818)Bacterial overgrowth was observed in 5 of the 10 bottles tested. The presence of a large number of non-coliform HPC bacteria may be inhibiting the detection of coliform bacteria during the testing. See text for discussion of HPC bacteria.
Polar1Spring Water
(1 gallon)
Washington, DCCrystal Springs, Spring Grove, VTNot
Detected
Not
Detected
0.10.1Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.8Toluene detected at 2.5 ppb, (well below the standard of 1000 ppb)10 (composited)298 808-965 (851-856)Toluene is often an indicator of the presence of gasoline or industrial chemicals, here of unknown origin.
Polar2Spring Water
(1 gallon)
Washington, DCCrystal Springs, Spring Grove, VTNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (individually)298 808-965 (841-850)
Private Selection* (Ralph's)1Drinking Water (1 gallon)Los Angeles
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
47.1*16.7*20.1*10.3*Not
Detected
0.1
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA 26- LA 27THM levels violated CA & industry standards for bottled water, and chloroform, bromodichloromethane, and dibromochloromethane exceeded CA Prop. 65 levels.
Private Selection* (Ralph's)2Drinking Water (1 gallon)Venice, CARalph's LA, distrib., plant 06-17866Not
Detected
22.3*6.68.9*6.8*Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0399THM levels violated CA & industry standards for bottled water, and bromodichloromethane, and dibromochloromethane exceeded CA Prop. 65 levels.
Private Selection (Ralph's)1Natural Spring Water (1 gallon)Los Angeles
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.1
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA 34-LA 35

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Private Selection*
(Ralph's)
1Purified Water (1 gallon)San Diego, CARalph's LA, distrib., plant 06-178Not
Detected
Not
Detected
20.1*8.47.4*4.3*Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0582THM levels violated CA & industry standards for bottled water, and bromodichloromethane, and dibromochloromethane exceeded CA Prop. 65 levels.
Private Selection*
(Ralph's)
2Purified Water (1 gallon)Los AngelesRalph's LA, distrib., plant 06-178No testNo test10.4*9.11.3Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-808-1665THM levels violate CA & industry/IBWA standard for bottled water.
Publix†1Drinking Water (1 gallon)Miami, FL
Not
Detected
1.345†413.20.2Not
Detected
0.8Acetone found at 11 ppb (no std.); styrene found at 0.6 ppb (below std. of 100 ppb)10 (composited)304085-165 (085-090)THM levels violate industry/IBWA standard of 10 ppb (no longer enforceable in FL)
Publix†2Drinking Water (1 gallon)Lakeland, FL
No testNo test53†475.30.4No testNo testAcetone found at 14 ppb (no standard)8 (composite sample)361 436-37 (36)THM levels violate industry/IBWA standard of 10 ppb (no longer enforceable in FL).
Publix†3Drinking Water (1 gallon)Lakeland, FL
No testNo test65†596.00.5No testNo testAcetone found at 16 ppb (no standard)1 bottle361 436-37 (37)THM levels violate industry/IBWA standard of 10 ppb (no longer enforceable in FL).
Publix4Drinking Water (1 gallon)Miami, Fl
Not
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test10 (individually)304085-165 (304091-304100)
Publix†1Purified Water (1 gallon)Miami, FL
1Not
Detected
15†14†0.9Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Styrene found at 0.2 ppb (below std. of 100 ppb)10 (composited)304085 (117-122)THM found at level exceeding 10 ppb industry/IBWA standard (no longer enforceable in FL). Styrene from unknown source.
Publix†2Purified Water (1 gallon)Miami, FL
5 of 10 bottles tested contained HPC "bacterial overgrowth"†No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test10 bottles (individualy)304085-165 (304123-304132)Bacterial overgrowth was observed in 5 of the 10 bottles tested. The presence of a large number of non-coliform HPC bacteria may be inhibiting the detection of coliform bacteria during the testing. See text for discussion of HPC bacteria.
Puritas1Drinking Water (1 gal.)Los AngelesGrt. Sprg. Waters of America, Milpitas, CANot
Detected
3.2Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA1-LA2
Puritas†2Drinking Water (1 gallon)Berkeley, CAGrt. Sprg. Waters of America, Milpitas, CA990†Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not receivedNot
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0033Level of HPC bacteria substantially exceeded guideline.

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Ralph's1Mountain Spring Water (1.5 liter)Los Angeles"California Mountains," L.A., CA, distrib.Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.8
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA 28- LA 30
Ralph's2Mountain Spring Water (1.5 liters)San Diego"California Mountains"270Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.6
10 (composited)SA-712-0583
Randalls1Remarkable Drinking Water
(1 gallon)
Houston, TXBuck Springs, Jasper, TXNot
Detected
Not
Detected
0.4Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Bromoform (a trihalomethane) found at 0.4 ppb10 (composited)298 808-965 (895-900)
Randalls2Remarkable Drinking Water (1 gallon)Houston, TXBuck Springs, Jasper, TXNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 bottles (individually)298 808-965 (885-894)HPC retest found none.
Randalls†1Deja Blue Drinking Water (1 liter)Houston, TXCity of Irving Water Supply>5700†Not
Detected
29.6†14123.6Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)298 808-965 (911-916)Levels of TTHM exceed IBWA/industry standards (not enforceable in TX).
Randalls2Deja Blue Drinking Water (1 liter)Houston, TXCity of Irving Water SupplyNot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 bottles (individually)298 808-965 (901-910)
Rocky Mountain1Drinking Water, non-carbonated (1.5 liter)Los Angeles"Deep Well Water"Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA 31- LA 33
Rocky Mountain2Drinking Water, non-carbonated (1.5 liters)San Dimas, CASanta Fe Springs, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0584
S. Pellegrino1Sparkling Natural Mineral Water, bottled at the source (25.3 oz.)San FranciscoSan Pellegrino, ItalyNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-38-40
S. Pellegrino2Sparkling Natural Mineral Water (1 liter)San FranciscoSan Pellegrino, ItalyNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.37 ppm (below standard)10 (composited)SA-712-0034

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Safeway*† (CA)1Drinking Water (1 gallon)Berkeley, CAMunicipal Source, Safeway Inc., Oakland, CA, distrib.8,500†Not
Detected
35.1*31*4.1*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.81 ppm (above standard in warm weather areas)10 (composited)SA-712-0214THM found at level above CA & industry bottled water standards; chloroform and bromodichloromethane (BDCM) found at levels above CA Prop. 65 limits. Fluoride at level above FDA & state limit for areas with av. high temp. >79.3°F. HPC bacteria above guideline adopted by some states for bottled water.
Safeway* (CA)2Drinking Water

51,000† (1 bottle)
12,000†(1 bottle)
2-21 (4 bottles)
Not
Detected in 4 bottles (see notes)
No test37*35*2.3Not
Detected
No testNo test
10 (composited for chemical analysis)
10 (individually for bacteria analysis)
SA 807-0081THM found at level above CA & industry bottled water standards, and chloroform found at a level above CA Prop. 65 limit. Retests of individual bottles that were initially found to contain 51,000 cfl/mu and 12,000 cfl/mu found no HPC and 6,000 cfu/ml, respectively, though these results are unreliable since they were retested beyond EPA-mandated "hold time" after opening.
Safeway (CA)1Key Lime Sparkling Water (1 quart)San Francisco
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.5
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-13-15
Safeway*† (CA)1Purified Water (1 gallon)San Francisco
>5,700†Not
Detected
26.4*26.4*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.1Total coliforms count 5*;
Toluene found at 8.4 ppb
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-7-9Coliforms, HPC bacteria, trihalomethanes, and chloroform exceed guidelines/standards. Toluene is a constituent of gasoline and industrial chemicals that should be removed if treated with reverse osmosis. Label claims "prepared by deionization and/or reverse osmosis." Could have been added during processing.
Safeway* (CA)2Purified Water (1 gallon)San Francisco/ Berkeley, CAMunicipal Source, Safeway, Oakland, CA, distrib.4Not
Detected
42.5*39*3.5*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Toluene not detected, coliforms not detected10 (composited)SA-712-0585THM levels violate CA & industry standards for bottled water., chloroform and bromodichloromethane exceeded CA Prop. 65 levels.
Safeway* (CA)1Select Club Soda (2 liter)Berkeley, CASafeway, Oakland, CA, distrib.Not
Detected
Not
Detected
53.3*50*3.3*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.64 ppm, below std.10 (composited)SA-712-0215THM levels violate CA & industry standards for bottled water. Chloroform and bromodichloromethane exceeded CA Prop. 65 levels.
Safeway* (CA)2Select Club Soda

No testNo test25*24*0.54Not
Detected
No testNo test
10 (composited)SA-807-0082Chloroform level exceeds CA Prop. 65 level; Trihalomethane levels over CA & industry standards.
Safeway*† (CA)1Select Seltzer Water (2 liter)Berkeley, CASafeway, Oakland, CA, distrib.Not
Detected
Not
Detected
36.1*34*2.1Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.83 ppm* above warm weather std. for added fluoride10 (composited)SA-712-0216THM levels violate CA & industry standards. Chloroform level exceeds CA Prop. 65 level. Fluoride above 0.80 CA std. for areas with av. high >79.3°F (if fluoride added; if natural, warm weather area standard is 1.4 ppm); identical FDA standard does not apply to seltzer (not defined as "bottled water").
Safeway* (CA)2Select Seltzer Water

No testNo test21*21*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
No testNo test
10 (composited)SA-807-0083THM levels violate CA & industry standards, chloroform level exceeds CA Prop. 65 level.
Safeway*† (CA)1Spring Water "Especially selected for its Natural Purity" (1 gallon)San Francisco
>5700†Not
Detected
56.8*53.3*3.5*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Toluene found at 14.2 ppb;
o-xylene at 3.1 ppb, both below standards
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-10-12Toluene and o-xylene are constituents of gasoline and industrial chemicals. This water apparently was chlorinated, suggesting that it could be tap water or if it is spring water, it was subjected to chlorination. Levels of TTHMs exceeded CA & industry standard; level of chloroform exceeds CA Prop. 65 level; HPC exceeded guidelines.

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Safeway* (CA)2Spring Water (1 gallon)Berkeley, CASafeway, Oakland, CA, distrib.15Not
Detected
24.9*23*1.9Not
Detected
InvalidNot
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.28 ppm, below std.; no toluene or xylene found10 (composited)SA-712-0217THM levels violate CA & industry standards. Chloroform level exceeds CA Prop. 65 level.
Safeway (CA)3Spring Water (1 gallon)Berkeley, CASafeway, Oakland, CA, distrib.No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNot
Detected
No testNo test10 (composited)SA 801-0364Retest for phthalate and semivolatile organics, not
detected.
Safeway (DC)1Refreshe Natural Spring Water (16.9 oz.)Washington, DCSafeway Spring, NYNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.7
10 (composited)298808-965 (835-840)
Safeway (DC)2Refreshe Natural Spring Water
(16.9 oz.)
Washington, DCSafeway Spring, NY1 of 10 bottles tested had overgrowth of HPC bacteriaNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 bottles (individually)298 808 965 (825-834)Bacterial overgrowth was observed in 1 of the 10 bottles tested. The presence of a large number of non-coliform HPC bacteria may be inhibiting the detection of coliform bacteria during the testing. See text for discussion of HPC bacteria.
Safeway (DC)1Safeway Spring Water (1 gallon)Washington, DCTower City, PANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Toluene found at 4.7 ppb ( below the standard of 1000 ppb)10 (composited)298808-965 (863-868)Toluene is a constituent of gasoline and industrial chemicals, although its source here is unknown.
Safeway (DC)2Safeway Spring Water
(1 gallon)
Washington, DCTower City, PANot
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test
10 (composited)298 808 965 (857-862, 917)
Sahara*1Drinking Water, "Premium" (50.7 oz.)Los Angeles
1Not
Detected
37.9*14.7*14.98.3*Not
Detected
1.1
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA9-11THM levels violated CA & industry standards for bottled water, and chloroform, bromodichloromethane, and dibromochloromethane exceeded CA Prop. 65 levels.
Sahara*1Mountain Spring Water (1.5 liter)San Diego/San Marcos, CABear Spec. & Mktg., San Bernadino, CA, distrib.Not
Detected
Not
Detected
15.9*6.5*6.6*2.8Not
Detected
2.5Fluoride at 0.54 ppm10 (composited)SA-712-0586THM levels violated CA & industry standards for bottled water, and chloroform and bromodichloromethane exceeded CA Prop. 65 levels.
Save the Earth1Natural Spring Water (1 liter)Berkeley, CABaxter Springs, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0218
Schweppes1Club Soda (1 liter)San Francisco, CACadbury Bev., Stamford, CTNot
Detected
Not
Detected
7.77.7Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Invalid testNot
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.13 ppm, well below standard10 (composited)SA-712-0219

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Schweppes2Club Soda (1 liter)San FranciscoDr. Pepper/Seven Up, Inc., Dallas, TXNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNot
Detected
No test
10 (composited)SA 801-0360Retest of semivolatile organics, including phthalate, found none.
Schweppes1Seltzer Water (1 liter)Berkeley, CACadbury Bev., Stamford, CTNot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Invalid testNot
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.28 ppm, well below standard10 (composited)SA-712-0220
Schweppes2Seltzer Water (1 liter)San FranciscoDr. Pepper/Seven Up, Inc., Dallas, TXNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNot
Detected
No test
10 (composited)SA 801-0361Retest of semivolatile organics, including phthalate, found none.
Shasta1Sparkling Club Soda (2 liters)Berkeley, CAShasta Bev., Hayward, CA, distrib.Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not receivedNot
Detected
Fluoride found at 0.19 ppm, well below standard10 (composited)SA-712-0221
Shasta2Sparkling Club Soda (2 liters)Berkeley, CAShasta Bev., Hayward, CA, distrib.No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNot
Detected
No test
10 (composited)SA 801-0365Retest of semivolatile organics, including phthalate, found none.
Sparkletts†1Crystal Fresh Drinking Water -- "Meet or Exceed all State and Federal Water Quality Standards"
(1 liter)
Los AngelesMcKesson Water Prods., Pasadena, CA3600†Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.1
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA 12-LA 14Heterotrophic Plate Count Bacteri (HPC) exceeded guideline.
Sparkletts2Crystal Fresh Drinking Water -- "Meet or Exceed all State and Federal Water Quality Standards"
(1 liter)
Venice, CAMcKesson Water Prods., Pasadena, CA140Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0587HPC level below guidelines in retest.
Sparkletts1Distilled Drinking Water (1 gallon)Venice, CAMcKesson Water Prods., Pasadena, CA190Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0588
Sparkletts†1Mountain Spring Water (33.8 oz.)Los AngelesMcKesson Water Prods., Pasadena, CA>5700†Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.6
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA 18-LA 20Heterotrophic Plate Count Bacteria (HPC) exceeded guideline.
Sparkletts2Mountain Spring Water (1 liter)Venice, CAMcKesson Water Prods., Pasadena, CANot
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0589HPC Not
Detected.

Brand(a)Test #Water TypePurchase LocationSource of Water
(if listed)
Contaminant & Level Found(b)Number of Bottles TestedLab Rep. #Comments





HPC Bacteria(c)
(Guidelines 500 cfu/ml; no enforceable standard) in cfu/ml
Arsenic(d)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 5 ppb) in ppb
TTHMs(e)
(CA & Industry bottled water standard 10 ppb) in ppb
Chloroform
(CA Prop. 65 Level l0 ppb) in ppb
BDCM(f)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 2.5 ppb) in ppb
DBCM (g)
(CA Prop. 65 Level 3.5 ppb) in ppb
Phthalate
(DEHP)

(Tap water standard 6 ppb) no bottled water standard
Nitrate
(Fed. & CA standard 10 ppm) in ppm
Other


Sparkling Springs1(1.5 liter)Chicago, IL
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
3.1
10 (composited)297 719-48 (37-42)
Sparkling Springs2(1.5 liter)Chicago, IL
Not
Detected
No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test

9 (individually)297 790 836 (819-827)
Vittel*1Mineral Water (1.5 liter)Berkeley, CAVittel Bonne Source Well, Vittel, FranceNot
Detected
11*9.39.3Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0222Arsenic level exceeds CA Prop. 65 level and WHO/EU arsenic water limit.
Vittel*2Mineral WaterSan Francisco
No test13 ppbNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test10 (composited)SA-901-0799Arsenic exceeds CA Prop. 65 level and WHO/EU water limit.
Volvic*1Natural Spring Water (1.5 liter)Berkeley, CAClairvic Spring, Volvic, France1114*Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Results not received1.3Fluoride found at 0.17 ppm, well below standard10 (composited)SA-712-0223Arsenic level exceeds CA Prop. 65 level and WHO/EU arsenic water limit.
Volvic*2Natural Spring Water (1.5 liter)Berkeley, CAClairvic Spring, Volvic, FranceNo test12*No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo test10 (composited)SA-808-1667Arsenic level exceeds CA Prop. 65 level and WHO/EU arsenic water limit.
Volvic3Natural Spring Water (1.5 liter)Berkeley, CAClairvic Spring, Volvic, FranceNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNot
Detected
No test
10 (composited)SA 801-0362Retest of semivolatile organics, including phthalate, found none.
Vons1Drinking Water (1 gallon)Los AngelesVons LA, distrib.Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1-LA 24- LA 25
Vons2Drinking Water (1 gallon)San Diego/San Marcos, CAVons LA, distrib. plt. 06-2796Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Test invalidNot
Detected

10 (composited)SA-712-0590
Vons3Drinking Water (1 gallon)Los AngelesVons LA, distrib. plt. 06-2796No testNo testNo testNo testNo testNo testNot
Detected
No test
10 (composited)SA 801-0363Retest of semivolatile organics, including phthalate, found none.
Vons1Natural Spring Water (1 liter)Los AngelesVons LA, distrib.Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.6
3 (1 for each contaminant type)EQI-1- LA 21- LA 23
Vons2Natural Mountain Spring Water (1 liter)San Diego/San Marcos, CAVons Co. LA, distrib.1.0Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
0.7
10 (composited)SA-712-0591
Vons1Purified Water (1 gallon)San Diego/San Marcos, CAVons LA, plt. 06-27961Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)SA 712-0805
Yosemite Waters†1Drinking Water (5 gallons)Los Angeles /Santa MonicaHighland Park, CA1100†Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
1.3
10 (composited)SA 712-0806Level of HPC bacteria exceeds guidelines.
Zephyrhills1Distilled Water
(1 gallon)
Miami, FL
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected
Not
Detected

10 (composited)304 085-165 (133-138)

Note: These tests used established FDA- or EPA-approved test methods, but are not necessarily statistically representative of all bottled water of the brand listed. See text for further discussion.

a  Row with bold name indicates level exceeding standard or guideline: asterisk {*} indicates exceeds enforceable standard; dagger {†} indicates exceeds unenforceable guideline. See text and accompanying Technical Report (print report only).

b  As discussed in the text, the California Proposition 65 ("Prop. 65") levels noted in this table are derived from the "No Significant Risk" levels established by the California Department of Health Services, and are based on the CDHS’s rules’ assumption that people drink 2 liters of water per day (the same assumption used by the U.S. EPA). Thus, for example, the Arsenic Proposition 65 level is 10 micrograms per day, so assuming 2 liters of water consumed per day, the Prop. 65 Arsenic level is 5 ppb.

c  There is no enforceable FDA standard for HPC bacteria. We use 500 cfu/ml as an informal guideline. HPC bacteria are not necessarily harmful themselves but are often used as an indicator of overall sanitation during bottling. The European Union (EU) has adopted an enforceable bottled water standard of 100 colonies per 100 ml (at 22oC) at bottling. EPA’s tap water rules provide that water containing over 500 cfu/ml is treated as a coliform-positive sample absent proof of adequate disinfectant residual. The International Bottled Water Association recommends plants meet a level of <30 cfu/ml at bottling, and <200 cfu/ml in 90% of samples tested 5 days after bottling. Massachusetts and New York have an informal bottled water guideline (unenforceable) of 500 cfu/ml. Other states (such as RI) also have informal guidelines.

d  Federal tap water and bottled water standards for arsenic, originally set in 1942 and not revised since, is 50 ppb. Congress has required updated standard by 2001. International (WHO/EU) standard is 10 ppb (see text).

e  TTHMs are "total trihalomethanes," potentially cancer-causing chemicals created when organic matter reacts with chlorine. Recent studies also indicate TTHMs may also be linked to birth defects and spontaneous abortions. While California and International Bottled Water Association (industry trade association) standard is 10 ppb, new Federal tap water standard is 80 ppb, and FDA bottled water standard is 100 ppb (see text).

f  BDCM is bromodichloromethane, a type of trihalomethane (see above).

g  DBCM is dibromochloromenthane, a type of trihalomethane (see above).

Note re Crystal Geyser: The Crystal Geyser company has provided NRDC with test results indicating that beginning in April 1999, Crystal Geyser substantially reduced the arsenic levels in its spring water, in an agreement reached after they were sued (based on NRDC's previous test results) by the Environmental Law Foundation, a California Public Interest Group. This testing shows that as of April 1999, arsenic is either not found, or, if present, is found at levels between non-detectable (<2 ppb) and 4.8 ppb, maximum. These levels are below the California Proposition 65 arsenic warning level of 5 ppb and well below current federal standard, but EPA recently has proposed to drop the federal drinking water standard to 5 ppb.

last revised 7/15/2013

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