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Stormwater Strategies
Community Responses to Runoff Pollution


This May 1999 report from the Natural Resources Defense Council documents some of the most effective strategies being employed by communities around the country to control urban runoff pollution, which is among the top sources of water contamination in the country today. The collection of 100 case studies compiled and evaluated here is intended to serve as a guide for local decisionmakers, municipal officials, and environmental activists; it is also a resource for citizens concerned about the quality of their local environment. Added in October 2001 is a new chapter on low-impact development, which has emerged as a simple, effective and economical stormwater strategy that also carries a broader aesthetic appeal.

Photo of CD ROM
  For printed copies of the original report, or a CD ROM that includes color photographs and the new chapter on low-impact development, see our Publications List.

OVERVIEW & QUICK REFERENCE
Summary: Case Studies of Urban Stormwater Solutions
Fact Sheet: The Problem of Urban Stormwater Pollution

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Reviewers
Executive Summary
Introduction
Chapter 1: Findings and Recommendations
Chapter 2: The Causes of Urban Stormwater Pollution
Chapter 3: The Consequences of Urban Stormwater Pollution
Chapter 4: Funding and Gaining Support for Stormwater Programs
Chapter 5: Stormwater Strategies: Findings from the Case Studies
Chapter 6: Strategies in the Northeast
Chapter 7: Strategies in the Southeast
Chapter 8: Strategies in the Central Southwest
Chapter 9: Strategies in the Northern Rockies and Pacific Southwest
Chapter 10: Strategies in the Pacific Northwest
Chapter 11: Strategies in the Midwest
Chapter 12: Low Impact Development
Glossary
Resource List
Report Credits and Acknowledgments

Tables
Table 1-1: Case Study Summaries
Table 2-1: Impacts from Increases in Impervious Surfaces
Table 2-2: Categories of Principal Contaminants in Stormwater
Table 2-3: Sources of Heavy Metals from Transporation
Table 2-4: Six Pesticides Found Frequently in Stormwater Samples
Table 4-1: Municipalities with Stormwater Utilities
Table 5-1: Percentage of Municipalities That Employ Each BMP -- Data from Two Surveys

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