Massive algae blooms on Lake Erie have previously and periodically robbed Ohioans of their ability to enjoy the Lake, but robbing Toledo of clean drinking water is a galling escalation. We can’t just boil our way out of this (in fact, boiling water poisoned by blue-green algae toxins just concentrate the poison!). There is no single, simple fix to the multifaceted problems causing the green slimy mess—but most of the contributors are preventable:
- Dramatic loss of wetlands. As my colleague Karen Hobbs notes, Ohio has waged a veritable war on wetlands, which is problematic since wetlands would actually help filter the runoff that fuels these algae blooms.
- Crumbling Infrastructure. Drinking water, sewer and septic infrastructure in communities bordering Lake Erie (and all the Great Lakes, really) requires significant investment. My colleague Rob Moore digs into the intersection of climate change and water quality, making clear how big a deal this is for areas across the Midwest.
- Invasive species, like quagga mussels, are wiping out native species and transforming the Great Lakes; all the while helping to establish conditions that support the growth of algae blooms.
- Climate Change. There is no question that climate change exacerbates these problems, and will make them worse moving forward. Climate scientists for decades have been predicting the runoff and increased pollution of the Lakes that is growing algae blooms in the region. Regrettably, Ohio has been running hard recently to reverse investments and oppose smart policies that address climate change and build the economy, as noted by my colleague Samantha Williams.
There are very real decisions that need to be made NOW about policies and practices that will help avoid this sorry situation from increasing in Ohio, and becoming totally commonplace in America.
Toledo's troubles make it vividly clear that as a nation, we need to address water pollution and carbon emissions. Policies to achieve these goals are being proposed and advanced now, and the situation in Toledo shows how critical it is that we embrace them.
Our nation needs the “Clean Power Plan” (which would slash emissions from our nation’s largest carbon pollution sources), and the “Clean Water Protection Rule”clarifications to the Clean Water Act (which would return anti-pollution protections to wetlands, streams and headwaters that flow into bigger bodies of water) to ensure we put people before polluters. Otherwise, Toledo’s troubles are likely be more common, in Ohio, around the Great Lakes and all over the nation.