When her furnace started acting up, Alicia Dickenson knew her family had a problem. “I’m not going to have money for a new furnace,” the Ohio resident told her local paper. “How am I going to make it through the next winter?” When Dickenson found out she qualified for home weatherization—including an upgraded, more efficient furnace—her relief was immense. “Huge,” she said.
Dickenson’s home is one of about 7 million low-income residences that have been improved through the federal government’s Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP). Weatherization services provide physical improvements to homes in order to reduce energy consumption and provide greater safety within homes. For 40 years, this program has helped cash-strapped families make it through not just one winter, but many winters ahead. Under President Trump’s new budget proposal, however, this tremendously successful program would be eliminated, threatening to leave poor families in the cold.
Many low-income and vulnerable households have few residential options but to rely on poor housing quality that result from residential segregation, long-term neighborhood disinvestment and deferred maintenance of the housing stock. These homes tend to be energy inefficient, impacting the stability of families due to high utility bills and recurring illnesses from inadequate indoor air quality. Struggling families sometimes spend more than 20 percent of their incomes on electricity and heat—far more than the national average of 2.7 percent. For these people, a cold winter can bring hard choices: Heat or medicine? Utilities or groceries? Or hidden dangers: “Space heaters involved in 79 percent of fatal home heating fires,” when building heating systems are inadequate.
A community service group in Maine says it receives nearly 8,000 calls about heating assistance last year. In many states, waiting lists for weatherization can number more than 1,000 in some rural counties and much higher in many urban centers. Until significant budget increases were passed as part of the 2009 American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA), weatherization assistance programs were seen as emergency services and were never funded adequately to meet the needs for services.
Leveraging state and local resources to complement federal weatherization funds can help to extend services to more people. Energy Efficiency for All, a 12-state campaign partnering environmental and efficiency advocates with advocates for affordable housing are doing just that, leveraging utility efficiency investments to better serve affordable multi-family housing communities.
Across the country, only about 35,000 homes can enroll in the WAP. They are the lucky ones. Their homes are more comfortable, less drafty, stay warmer in winter, cooler in summer, and save residents an average of $283 every year on energy costs. For people who live with “skinny” budgets every day, that savings frees up funds for other necessities—food, health, school supplies.
But the benefits of the program don’t stop with those families. Weatherizing homes in places like Coalport, Pennsylvania, or St Louis, Missouri, requires a local, skilled workforce to pinpoint where homes are losing energy and find ways to make them more efficient, whether it’s by insulating attics and walls, weather stripping and caulking, or replacing outdated equipment. In a typical year, the program supports 8,500 jobs, and even launches people on new career paths. Jasmine Romero, a young Native American woman from New Mexico, trained in weatherization at a local community college. She’s gone from living in her car to being on track to become the first female weatherization quality control inspector/auditor in the state.
When we invest in weatherization our whole society benefits. Boosting energy efficiency also means we avoid the cost of building out expensive energy infrastructure like power plants and transmission lines, reducing everyone’s energy related utility cost. And everyone’s health improves when we help stabilize the climate and reduce the amount of hazardous mercury, sulfur dioxide and particulate matter spewing out of power plant smokestacks and furnaces. Every year WAP cuts America’s climate pollution by two million metric tons.
Recent analyses of WAP data show that the energy savings alone more than recoup costs by a factor of 1.4. When you factor in other gains, such as improved health and fewer fires from faulty space heaters, WAP generates $4 in benefits for every dollar invested.
Despite these widespread benefits to the nation as a whole, the potential of energy efficiency in low-income housing is largely overlooked. Nearly 10 million people live in affordable, multifamily housing, and about half of these residences were built 50 years ago. Increasing energy efficiency in these homes could cut electricity use as much as 32 percent. In states like Michigan, Missouri and Pennsylvania, the cumulative benefits top $1 billion by 2030. This is an area that needs more investment, not less.
Weatherization assistance is more than a lifeline for poor families—it’s a smart investment in energy efficiency that creates local jobs, eliminates the need for expensive new power plants, reduces pollution and saves money for taxpayers nationwide. The Trump Administration may not believe in global warming, but it is supposed to recognize a great investment when it sees one. More details of the President’s budget will be revealed in May, but it’s clear that a “starvation” budget that freezes out struggling families should never get past Congress.