This week, I testified at a committee hearing in the U.S. House of Representatives on how to meet our nation’s water infrastructure needs. Those needs are huge: estimates by the federal government and public water and sewer systems range from $660 billion over the next 20 years, to more than twice that amount over just the next 10 years.
In too many communities, both large and small, urban and rural, the public is still drinking water with contaminants that pose serious health risks, from systems that leak a substantial portion of the water they produce. Meanwhile, sewage and polluted runoff make our waters both unsafe for human use and too degraded to support the fisheries and natural habitat we need for sustenance, recreation, and natural flood mitigation. And that’s just on a typical day.
The hearing got off to a good start. The opening statement by Rep. Garret Graves (R-LA), chair of the Water Resources Subcommittee, echoed NRDC’s message that the devastation wrought by this summer’s epic hurricanes—Harvey, Irma, and Maria—underscore the need for the federal government to invest in improving our water, wastewater and stormwater infrastructure. As Rep. Graves said, it’s a matter of public health, the economic health of communities, environmental protection, and even national security.
Ranking Member Grace Napolitano (D-CA) amplified the call for major federal investment, not only to improve the water and sewer systems’ resilience to the storms that climate change will continue bringing to our shores, but also to meet the chronic and overwhelming need to improve our failing water infrastructure.
As I said in my testimony: “The scale of the need is so vast that without a large and lasting commitment of new funds from the federal government—leveraged with additional funds from the states—our communities will not be able to fund the investment they so badly need to bring their water systems into the 21st Century.”
NRDC calls for restoring federal water infrastructure funding to a level comparable to the Reagan area. That’s a pledge the president made in last year’s campaign, but which was nowhere to be seen in the Administration’s FY18 budget proposal.
Priorities should include grants to struggling communities and assistance to low-income households to afford water and sewer bills. No community, and no family, should receive second-class water and sanitation because it cannot afford the cost of safe and sufficient water.
All of the witnesses at the hearing were unanimous in calling for major new federal water infrastructure funding. All were called to testify by the Republican chair of the subcommittee, and they represented the nation’s mayors, drinking water utilities, wastewater utilities, and others.
But while the Democrats on the committee were also unanimous on the need for major new federal investment in water infrastructure, those in the Republican majority were more lukewarm, or even cool, to the idea.
So it was heartening to see the news, the next morning, that the White House now realizes that private financing of infrastructure is “not the silver bullet for all of our nation’s infrastructure problems,” and that the President now intends to “pay for infrastructure upgrades through direct federal spending—either by paying for projects with new tax revenue or…new debt.” Let’s hope they mean it. We need it.
Keep reading below for the oral testimony I delivered at the hearing.
For all of the details, see my full written testimony here.
Watch a video of the hearing here.
And follow me on Twitter: @llevine_nrdc
LAWRENCE M. LEVINE
NATURAL RESOURCES DEFENSE COUNCIL
U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES TRANSPORTATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE COMMITTEE SUBCOMMITTEE ON WATER RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
“BUILDING A 21ST CENTURY INFRASTRUCTURE FOR AMERICA: WATER STAKEHOLDERS’ PERSPECTIVES”
SEPTEMBER 26, 2017
Good morning Chairman Graves, Ranking Member Napolitano, and members of the Subcommittee.
I am Lawrence M. Levine, senior attorney at the Natural Resources Defense Council. I appreciate the opportunity to testify today.
First-class infrastructure to protect clean water and public health is among our most important – and most basic – needs as a nation.
Yet, in much of the country, our aging infrastructure is simply not up to the twin tasks of providing everyone with access to the safe water and sewer services they need and keeping our waterways free of harmful pollution.
In too many communities, both large and small, urban and rural, the public is still drinking water with contaminants that pose serious health risks, from systems that leak a substantial portion of the water they produce. Meanwhile, sewage and polluted runoff make our waters both unsafe for human use and too degraded to support the fisheries and natural habitat we need for sustenance, recreation, and natural flood mitigation. The effects of climate change – droughts, floods, storms, sea level rise – all threaten to degrade or damage our water infrastructure even further, as the devastation caused by hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria over the last month so dramatically illustrate.
To protect our communities and our natural environment, there is a critical need for major, new investments in water, wastewater, and stormwater infrastructure.
The scale of the need is so vast that, without a large and lasting commitment of new funds from the federal government – leveraged with additional funds from the states – our communities will not be able to fund the investment they so badly need to bring their water systems into the 21st Century.
Major new federal investments – like all of our nation’s infrastructure investments – can be deployed to:
- Simultaneously deliver economic, social, and environmental benefits;
- Spur innovation in clean and efficient water and energy systems;
- Invest in climate-resilient infrastructure projects and smart technology;
- Ensure accountability for every dollar;
- Allocate flexible funding for local and regional planning; and
- Create good, forward-looking jobs, beyond the construction phase of infrastructure projects.
For water, wastewater, and stormwater infrastructure funding, specifically, we also urge Congress to embrace a number of key principles, including the following:
- Expand the State Revolving Funds (SRFs) and leverage additional investment by states and local governments;
- Direct new funds to natural and nature-based infrastructure solutions;
- Ensure that projects that are designed, sited, and built with the full consideration of the future impacts of climate change;
- Ensure that communities and families in the greatest need are not left behind; and
- Amplify benefits to the economy by incorporating Buy American domestic sourcing requirements, prevailing wage provisions, and green job opportunities.
Based on these over-arching points, NRDC offers the following specific, priority recommendations to Congress:
- First, increase funding and improve use of existing funding.
- Increase the current annual appropriations to the Clean Water and Drinking Water State Revolving Funds (the SRFs) to $6 billion. This would mark a return to a similar level, adjusted for inflation, as was appropriated under President Reagan for the CWSRF alone – and it is the level the President promised during last year’s campaign. Direct the additional funds to water use efficiency, green infrastructure, stormwater capture and reuse, hardship communities, source water protection, nutrient reduction, lead service line replacement, water loss control, and climate resilience.
- Provide incentives to states to leverage federal funds and invest more state dollars in water infrastructure, by allowing states that exceed the minimum required match for federal SRF capitalization grants to distribute a larger share of their SRF funding as grants, rather than loans.
- Reauthorize and improve the Clean Water Act’s sewer overflow control grant program.
- Improve implementation of existing requirements, which Congress enacted in 2014, that promote the use of water efficiency, recapture, and reuse strategies in Clean Water SRF-funded projects.
- Second, ensure that water and sewer service remains affordable for low- income households, even as utilities generate additional local revenue to meet clean water needs.
- Prioritize disadvantaged communities in water infrastructure grant programs.
- Create a federal low-income water and sewer assistance program (analogous to the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program) to help maintain affordable costs at the household level.
- Use federal policy to spur creation of complementary state and local low-income assistance programs; promote more equitable water and sewer rate structures; and increase utilities' use of asset management, green infrastructure, and water efficiency strategies that reduce costs for all customers..
- Third, reinstate the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard, to protect the value of federal water infrastructure investments by reducing the risk of severe damage in flood disasters. (S. 1798, introduced two weeks ago, would do this.)
- Fourth, support tools for effective prioritization of pipe replacement and leakage control. (Title 3 of H.R. 3275 includes valuable provisions.)
- Fifth, preserve and strengthen source water protections, including the Clean Water Rule, to protect health and reduce treatment costs.
Thank you for the opportunity to testify today. NRDC looks forward to working with the Subcommittee on bold and effective solutions to our nation’s water infrastructure challenges.