Clearing the Air: A Review of 10 City Plans to Fight Air Pollution in India

Issue Brief
January 29, 2020

To improve long-term air quality, the Indian Government launched the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) in early 2019. The NCAP requires more than 100 Indian cities to create city-level Clean Air Plans (CAPs) to plan and implement mitigation measures aimed to reduce ambient PM concentrations. To strengthen city efforts, this issue brief analyses CAPs for 10 major Indian cities—Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Kolkata, Mumbai, Nagpur, New Delhi, Patna, Pune, and Surat. It identifies a common set of mitigation measures aimed at reducing emissions from key emission sources, highlights common strategies for achieving pollution reduction goals, and presents ways to further strengthen city efforts, for three key emissions sectors: transportation; stationary sources; and waste, construction, and diesel generator use. The issue brief also highlights learnings from international experiences aimed at reducing air pollution.