The Paris Agreement on Climate Change

In 2015, the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Paris and attended by 195 countries. The conference produced the Paris agreement, which aims to limit global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius while making best efforts to keep it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement—which entered into force on November 4, 2016—requires developed and developing countries to make deeper emissions-reduction commitments, establishes minimum obligations, supports climate change mitigation and adaptation for the most vulnerable countries, and creates accountability systems.

In the issue briefs published here, NRDC analyzes key nations’ commitments under the Paris agreement, as well as supporting actions by cities, states, and others.

While the Paris agreement won't "solve" climate change, it puts us much closer to a safer trajectory and highlights the path forward. Now that the world has taken the first step in Paris, countries are better prepared to build stronger climate commitments over time.