With the world price for bigleaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) at an all-time high, the remaining wild stands of this Appendix II listed species are under great pressure from the timber trade. Currently, mahogany from Peru, the largest exporter, is plagued by illegal and unsustainable trade. Export permits are granted without valid non-detriment or legal acquisition findings. As a species on the brink of Appendix I, full compliance with CITES is essential to protect mahogany populations and the human victims of illegal logging operations. Under current conditions, this can only be achieved through a suspension of imports.