CA Is First State to Ban Toxic “Forever” PFAS in Textiles

With Governor Newsom’s signature yesterday on AB 1817, the Safer Clothes and Textiles Act, California became the first state to phase out the use of toxic “forever” PFAS chemicals in clothes and textiles. Because of the size of California’s economy,  the law’s influence will be felt not only in California, but well beyond, from the places where textiles are produced to the places where they are disposed of or discarded. It is also likely to affect the presence of PFAS in textiles in other US markets outside California.

Californians overwhelmingly support ending the unnecessary use of PFAS in clothes and textiles. And California’s leaders have delivered a law to protect its residents and the environment, building on the progress made by leading companies that have already transitioned away from PFAS or have committed to eliminating such uses. Entities like Ikea, Patagonia, and the California Outdoor Recreation Partnership supported the bill. The bill was co-sponsored by NRDC, Breast Cancer Prevention Partners, and Clean Water Action, and authored by Assembly Member Phil Ting.

PFAS are a class of chemicals that are harmful to health and the environment, and they should be eliminated from the products that come into our homes and workplaces whenever possible. PFAS contaminates drinking water across the state and country, particularly in disadvantaged communities. These chemicals are showing up in rainwater and sea spray and are found in the bodies of virtually all people living in the US. They are associated with myriad health effects, including cancer, liver and kidney damage, and suppressed immunity (including interference with the effectiveness of vaccines).

What the bill does

Broadly speaking, the new law will ban PFAS in most clothing (including outdoor apparel) and textiles starting January 2025. Outdoor apparel for severe wet conditions that is not marketed for general consumer use and is designed for sports experts has an extension until 2028, but manufacturers will have to disclose that the products are made with PFAS chemicals during 2025-2028, including on online listings.

All intentional uses of PFAS in clothes and textiles will be banned, as will any levels above 100 parts per million (ppm) from 2025-2027, and any levels above 50 ppm after 2027. Personal protective equipment for workers is exempted from the bill, although the bill’s findings note the need for efforts to ensure that PFAS are removed from protective gear for firefighters and others as soon as possible.

The law defines textile articles and textiles broadly. Generally, textiles ordinarily used in households and businesses--from backpacks and footwear to sheets, towels, tablecloths, upholstery, and more--are covered by the law’s provisions.

The new law, along with another bill signed into law yesterday that bans PFAS in personal care products, adds to prior progress in California on eliminating unnecessary uses of PFAS. NRDC has worked on and supported previous laws that have required the elimination of PFAS in paper-based food packaging, children’s products, and fire-fighting foam, to protect our health and drinking water.

About the Authors

Avinash Kar

Senior Attorney & Senior Director, Health & Food, Healthy People & Thriving Communities Program
Blog Post

The vast majority of Californians support phasing out PFAS in clothing and textiles

Blog Post

The end of the legislative session in California brought welcome news on PFAS, a class of toxic “forever” chemicals consisting of 12,000+ chemicals. Several pieces of legislation addressing this toxic and persistent class of chemicals moved forward.

Blog Post

If you follow the news on the PFAS crisis, sensational headlines were abundant earlier this month in response to an exciting advance in PFAS destruction research. Unfortunately most of these headlines were misleading on the imminence of solutions to the PFAS crisis and reflect misconceptions or misunderstandings of the technology and its status. It is important to evaluate new technologies critically with the full context of the problem in mind and keep in mind we should stop adding to the problem immediately wherever possible, because PFAS are still forever as of now. Stopping the production, use, and release of PFAS is still the most efficient method to protect the public and environment from PFAS exposure and harm.

Blog Post

AB 1817 by Assemblymember Ting would phase out PFAS in clothing and textiles sold in California.

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